Yasunobu Okuma

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Sodium 4-phenylbutyrate (4-PBA) is a low molecular weight fatty acid that has been used for treatment of urea cycle disorders in children, sickle cell disease, and thalassemia. It has been demonstrated recently that 4-PBA can act as a chemical chaperone by reducing the load of mutant or mislocated proteins retained in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) under(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) is a system by which proteins accumulated in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) are retrotranslocated to the cytosol and degraded by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. HRD1 is expressed in brain neurons and acts as an ERAD ubiquitin ligase. Amyloid precursor protein (APP) is processed into amyloid-beta peptides(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is defined as an accumulation of unfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum. 4-phenylbutyrate (4-PBA) has been demonstrated to promote the normal trafficking of the DeltaF508 cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) mutant from the ER to the plasma membrane and to restore activity. We have reported(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced cell death plays an important role in cerebral ischemia. In the present study, we investigated whether edaravone (3-methyl-1-phenyl-pyrazolin-5-one), a free radical scavenger, can protect against ER damage induced by cerebral ischemia. In a mouse model of hypoxia/ischemia, treatment with edaravone reduced(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that is primarily characterized by the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the nigrostriatal pathway. Previous studies have demonstrated that chronic systemic exposure of Lewis rats to rotenone produced many features of PD, and cerebral tauopathy was also detected in the case of severe(More)
Stress signals that impair the function of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) can lead to an accumulation of unfolded proteins in the ER causing cell death. Recent studies have indicated that ER stress contributes to several diseases such as neurodegenerative disorders or diabetes. In the present study, we found that Akt down-regulation is important for(More)
The afferent vagus nerve has been suggested to be an important component for transmitting peripheral immune signals to the brain. However, there is inconsistent evidence showing that subdiaphragmatic vagotomy did not inhibit the brain mediated behavioral and neural effects induced by the peripheral application of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). LPS triggers(More)
The effects of neurotensin on the release of endogenous dopamine (DA) from rat striatal slices were investigated. DA was extracted by the aluminium adsorption method and assayed electrochemically by high-performance liquid chromatography. Neurotensin (2-100 microM) potentiated the potassium-induced release of striatal endogenous DA in a(More)
Leptin is a circulating molecule for the regulation of food intake and body weight suggested to be mediated in the hypothalamus via Ob-Rb receptor, which activates Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathways. Although leptin receptors exist in many regions of the brain, there have been few in vivo functional studies of(More)
In the present study, we investigated regulatory mechanisms of bacterial endotoxin-induced STAT3 activation in the brain. Intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) dose-dependently (0.5-5000 microg/kg) induced STAT3 phosphorylation in the hypothalamus. LPS-induced STAT3 phosphorylation was peaked at 2-4 h and declined there after. Moreover,(More)