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To evaluate whether mutations in the human multidrug resistance (MDR)-1 gene correlate with placental P-glycoprotein (PGP) expression, we sequenced the MDR-1 cDNA and measured PGP expression by Western blotting in 100 placentas obtained from Japanese women. Nine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were observed with an allelic frequency of 0.005 to(More)
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-16 and -18 encode E6 oncoprotein, which binds to and induces degradation of the tumor suppressor protein p53. A common polymorphism of p53, encoding either proline or arginine at position 72, affects the susceptibility of p53 to E6-mediated degradation in vivo; Caucasian women homozygous for arginine 72 reportedly are about seven(More)
We have revealed that about one and a half thousand tiny clusters, filled with one thousand closely packed lymphocytes, can be found throughout the murine small and large intestinal mucosa. They are located in crypt lamina propria (cryptopatches; CP) and can be first detected at 14-17 d after birth. A large fraction of lymphocytes in CP expresses c-kit,(More)
Insect metamorphosis is induced by the steroid 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) in the absence of sesquiterpenoid juvenile hormone (JH). In Drosophila melanogaster, the Broad-Complex (BR-C) transcriptional factor plays critical roles during metamorphosis. We isolated cDNAs encoding BR-C in the silkworm Bombyx mori and examined their mRNA expression. cDNAs for three(More)
The aim of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in detecting peritoneal dissemination in cases of gynecological malignancy. We retrospectively analyzed MR images obtained from 26 consecutive patients with gynecological malignancy. Peritoneal dissemination was histologically diagnosed in 15 of(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), a family of closely related enzymes that degrade the extracellular matrix, are likely to be involved in invasion and metastasis of tumor cells. A guanine (G) insertion/deletion polymorphism within the promoter region of MMP-1 influences the transcription of this gene; i.e., the 2G (insertion-type) promoter possesses greater(More)
To clarify whether and how PTEN and the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway relates to endometrial cancer we examined the expression of these pathway-related proteins in patients with endometrial cancer. Of 103 endometrial cancers, 37 (36%) showed negative immunohistochemical staining for PTEN. Western blotting revealed that the level of(More)
Multiple thoracic disc herniations are rare and there are few reports in the literature. Between December 1998 and July 2002, we operated on 12 patients with multiple thoracic disc herniations. All underwent an anterior decompression and fusion through a transthoracic approach. The clinical outcomes were assessed using the Frankel neurological(More)
To clarify the effect of neoadjuvant intraarterial infusion chemotherapy on the cure rate in advanced cervical cancer with bulky tumor, a total of 50 patients were examined prospectively. The clinical stage according to the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) classification included 23 IIb, 6 IIIa, and 21 IIIb. These patients were(More)
A cDNA coding for soluble type alkaline phosphatase (sALP) of Bombyx mori was isolated. Deduced amino acid sequence showed high identities to various ALPs and partial similarities to ATPase of Manduca sexta. Using this cDNA sequence as a probe, the molecular basis of electrophoretic polymorphism in sALP and membrane-bound type ALP (mALP) was studied. As for(More)