Yasunobu Hirata

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Nitric oxide is a gaseous, free radical which plays a role as an intracellular second messenger and a diffusable intercellular messenger. To obtain direct evidence for NO functions in vivo, we have designed and synthesized diaminofluoresceins (DAFs) as novel fluorescent indicators for NO. The fluorescent chemical transformation of DAFs is based on the(More)
Concentrating urine is mandatory for most mammals to prevent water loss from the body. Concentrated urine is produced in response to vasopressin by the transepithelial recovery of water from the lumen of the kidney collecting tubule through highly water-permeable membranes. In this nephron segment, vasopressin regulates water permeability by endo- and(More)
We have recently reported that angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation is mainly mediated by Ca2+-dependent activation of a protein tyrosine kinase through Gq-coupled Ang II type 1 receptor in cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). In the present study, we found Ang II rapidly induced the tyrosine(More)
BACKGROUND Urotensin-II (UII), a cyclic dodecapeptide originally isolated from fish urophysis that has potent cardiovascular effects, has recently been identified as an endogenous ligand for the orphan G protein-coupled receptor, GPR14. The physiological roles of endogenous UII and its receptor in humans remain unknown. OBJECTIVE To investigate the(More)
The measurement of nitric oxide (NO) is important for direct examination of the regulatory roles of NO in various biological systems. Diaminofluoresceins (DAFs), new fluorescence indicators for NO, were applied to detect the release of NO from bovine aortic endothelial cells (ECs). DAFs react with NO to yield the corresponding green-fluorescent(More)
Interleukin-6 mediates pleiotropic functions in various types of cells through its specific receptor (IL-6-R), the cDNA of which has already been cloned. We report here that an 80 kd single polypeptide chain (IL-6-R) is involved in IL-6 binding and that IL-6 triggers the association of this receptor with a non-ligand-binding membrane glycoprotein, gp130.(More)
We investigated the hemodynamic and hormonal responses to a short-term low-intensity resistance exercise (STLIRE) with the reduction of muscle blood flow. Eleven untrained men performed bilateral leg extension exercise under the reduction of muscle blood flow of the proximal end of both legs pressure-applied by a specially designed belt (a banding pressure(More)
Endogenous nitric oxide (NO) appears to modulate many physiological and pathophysiological processes. In order to obtain direct evidence for NO functions in vivo, we have developed 4,5-diaminofluorescein (DAF-2) as a novel fluorescent indicator for NO. Green-fluorescent triazolofluorescein formed by the reaction of NO and DAF-2 affords high sensitivity for(More)
We previously reported that a forest bathing trip enhanced human NK activity, number of NK cells, and intracellular anti-cancer proteins in lymphocytes. In the present study, we investigated how long the increased NK activity lasts and compared the effect of a forest bathing trip on NK activity with a trip to places in a city without forests. Twelve healthy(More)
Excessive accumulation of smooth-muscle cells (SMCs) has a key role in the pathogenesis of vascular diseases. It has been assumed that SMCs derived from the outer medial layer migrate, proliferate and synthesize extracellular matrix components on the luminal side of the vessel. Although much effort has been devoted to targeting migration and proliferation(More)