Yasumitsu Nagao

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Observations of rapid shifts in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variants between generations prompted the creation of the bottleneck theory. A prevalent hypothesis is that a massive reduction in mtDNA content during early oogenesis leads to the bottleneck. To test this, we estimated the mtDNA copy number in single germline cells and in single somatic cells of(More)
Neurochondrin is a novel cytoplasmic protein and possibly involved in neurite outgrowth, chondrocyte differentiation, and bone metabolism. Our previous trial in disclosing its role by the loss of function in mice failed because of the lethality in utero. In this study, we eliminated the neurochondrin gene expression preferentially in the nervous system by(More)
The effects of N-[2-(methylamino)ethyl]-5-isoquinolinesulfonamide (H-8) and 1-(5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine (H-7) on the growth of P388 and its multidrug-resistant (MDR) variants were examined with the objective of assessing the possible changes in cyclic nucleotide-dependent protein kinases and protein kinase C-mediated pathways associated(More)
The developmental competence of domestic pig oocytes that were transferred to somatic cell nuclei of miniature pig was examined. A co-culture system of oocytes with follicle shells was used for the maturation of domestic pig oocytes in vitro. Co-cultured oocytes progressed to the metaphase II stage of meiosis more quickly and more synchronously than non(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) on sperm capacitation status and embryonic development in cattle (Bos taurus). Acrosome-reacted sperm (chlortetracycline stain) and the fertilization rate after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) were enhanced (P<0.05) when sperm were cultured in a medium(More)
We compared four inbred mouse strains in their physical performance, measured as a maximal treadmill running time, characteristics of soleus muscle, anatomic character, and growth. The strains used were Mus musculus domesticus [C57BL/6 (B6) and BALB/c], Mus musculus molossinus (MSM/Ms), and Mus spretus. Maximal running time was significantly different among(More)
The effect of the stage of the cell cycle of donor cells and recipient cytoplasts on the timing of DNA replication and the developmental ability in vitro of bovine nuclear transfer embryos was examined. Embryos were reconstructed by fusing somatic cells with unactivated recipient cytoplasts or with recipient cytoplasts that were activated 2 h before fusion.(More)
In mammals, complementary contributions of both the maternal and the paternal genomes are required for normal development because of the parental-allele-specific modification of the genome, called genomic imprinting. Therefore, parthenogenetic embryos (PG) with two maternal genomes cannot develop to term, and PG chimeras show a restricted cell contribution(More)
Fetal calf serum (FCS) has usually been used for culture of embryonic stem (ES) cell as a component of the culture medium. However, FCS contains undefined factors, which promote cell proliferation and occasionally stimulate differentiation of ES cells. Recently, a chemically-defined serum replacement, Knockout Serum Replacement (KSR), was developed to(More)
Manipulation of preimplantation embryos in vitro, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), in vitro culture (IVC), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) and other assisted reproduction technologies (ART), has contributed to the development of infertility treatment and new animal reproduction methods. However, such(More)