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OBJECTIVE to estimate the glomerular filtration using the Cockcroft-Gault (CG), Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD), and Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equations, and serum creatinine in the screening of reduced renal function in patients with type two diabetes (T2DM) enrolled in the Family Health Strategy (ESF,(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim was to investigate the relationships between skin autofluorescence (AF) and the impact of past glycemic control and microvascular complications in Japanese patients with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Two hundred forty-one patients and 110 controls were enrolled. Advanced glycation end product accumulation was measured with(More)
Insulin autoimmune syndrome is characterised by spontaneous hypoglycaemia without evidence of exogenous insulin administration, a high serum concentration of total immunoreactive insulin, and the presence of insulin autoantibodies in high titre. HLA typing of 27 patients with insulin autoimmune syndrome showed that all had DR4, which was present in only 43%(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between aortic stiffness and incident albuminuria and the decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We investigated 461 Japanese type 2 diabetic patients, comprising 199 women and 262 men, with a mean age of 59 ± 11 years. Patients were(More)
We have revised a part of the diagnostic criteria for fulminant type 1 diabetes. The new criteria were set both to express the essence of this disease of rapid increase of patients' blood glucose and to be highly sensitive to reduce the misdiagnosis. After analyzing the data of 382 patients with newly-diagnosed fulminant type 1 diabetes, we adopted the(More)
Type 1 diabetes is a disease characterized by destruction of pancreatic β-cells, which leads to absolute deficiency of insulin secretion. Depending on the manner of onset and progression, it is classified as fulminant, acute-onset or slowly progressive type 1 diabetes. Here, we propose the diagnostic criteria for acute-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus. Among(More)
Potassium inwardly rectifying channel, subfamily J, member 15 (KCNJ15) is a type 2 diabetes-associated risk gene, and Kcnj15 overexpression suppresses insulin secretion in rat insulinoma (INS1) cells. The aim of the current study was to characterize the role of Kcnj15 by knockdown of this gene in vitro and in vivo. Human islet cells were used to determine(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the contribution of the CTLA4 gene in the susceptibility to fulminant type 1 diabetes and compare it with classic type 1A diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We genotyped the +49G>A and CT60G>A variants of the CTLA4 gene in fulminant type 1 diabetic patients (n = 55), classic type 1A diabetic patients (n = 91), and healthy control(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the association of serum leptin levels with progression of diabetic kidney disease in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This was an observational cohort study of 668 patients with T2D. Patients were classified into three groups by sex-specific tertile of leptin levels. Outcome measurements were the rate(More)