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We recently identified a naturally occurring soluble form of RAGE (the receptor for advanced glycation endproducts, receptor for AGE) in cultured human vascular cells, and named it endogenous secretory RAGE (esRAGE). esRAGE is generated by alternative RNA splicing and is able to capture AGE, and exerts protection against AGE-induced endothelial cell injury.(More)
BACKGROUND Whether the type of diabetes, race, and year and age of diagnosis affect the incidence of diabetic vascular complications is unknown. That both type 1 and type 2 diabetes occur in the young Japanese population prompted us to investigate whether the type of diabetes and the year of diagnosis are related to the incidence of nephropathy. METHODS(More)
We have shown previously that alloxan and streptozotocin, two major diabetogenic agents, cause DNA strand breaks in rat pancreatic islets and stimulate nuclear poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase, thereby depleting intracellular NAD level and inhibiting proinsulin synthesis (Okamoto, H. (1981) Mol. Cell. Biochem. 37, 43-61; Yamamoto, H., Uchigata, Y., and Okamoto,(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the clinical characteristics of early-onset NIDDM patients with severe diabetic complications. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The clinical cases of a large number of diabetic patients who visited a diabetes center within the period 1970-1990 were reviewed. Of a total of 16,842 diabetic patients, 1,065 (6.3%) had early-onset NIDDM(More)
OBJECTIVE to estimate the glomerular filtration using the Cockcroft-Gault (CG), Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD), and Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equations, and serum creatinine in the screening of reduced renal function in patients with type two diabetes (T2DM) enrolled in the Family Health Strategy (ESF,(More)
OBJECTIVES We measured the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of diabetes mellitus patients using the Japanese version of EQ-5D, and examined the relationship between clinical condition and health status. METHODS A study was conducted on 220 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus at a hospital in Saitama Prefecture on the day of their visit from(More)
We have revised a part of the diagnostic criteria for fulminant type 1 diabetes. The new criteria were set both to express the essence of this disease of rapid increase of patients' blood glucose and to be highly sensitive to reduce the misdiagnosis. After analyzing the data of 382 patients with newly-diagnosed fulminant type 1 diabetes, we adopted the(More)
OBJECTIVE Because early-onset Japanese NIDDM patients (diagnosed before age 30 years) can develop diabetic end-stage renal failure (ESRF) in their thirties, this study was performed to elucidate the incidence and determinants for the development of diabetic nephropathy. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The incidence of diabetic nephropathy and its relationship(More)
To assess the effect of Asian-specific HLA haplotypes on susceptibility to type 1 diabetes, we investigated the association of genotypic combinations of DRB1-DQB1 haplotypes with susceptibility to type 1 diabetes. We studied 132 Japanese patients with type 1 diabetes and 157 control subjects, along with 67 Korean patients and 109 control subjects.(More)