Yasuko Sakagami

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Proliferation of dispersed plant cells in culture is strictly dependent on cell density, and cells in a low-density culture can only grow in the presence of conditioned medium (CM). No known plant hormones have been able to substitute for CM. To quantify the mitogenic activity of CM, we examined conditions for the assay system using mechanically dispersed(More)
Integrase (IN), an essential enzyme of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), is an attractive antiretroviral drug target. The antiviral activity and resistance profile in vitro of a novel IN inhibitor, elvitegravir (EVG) (also known as JTK-303/GS-9137), currently being developed for the treatment of HIV-1 infection are described. EVG blocked the integration(More)
Most virulence (vir) genes of Agrobacterium tumefaciens that are required for the formation of crown gall tumors are expressed in response to such plant signal molecules as acetosyringone and lignin precursors. The phenolic signals are transduced through a receptor VirA protein in the inner membrane of the bacterial cell. The expression of these genes(More)
We identified clinical isolates with phenotypic resistance to nevirapine (NVP) in the absence of known nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) mutations. This resistance is caused by N348I, a mutation at the connection subdomain of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase (RT). Virologic analysis showed that N348I(More)
Phytosulfokine-alpha [PSK-alpha, Tyr(SO(3)H)-Ile-Tyr(SO(3)H)-Thr-Gln], a sulfated mitogenic peptide found in plants, strongly promotes proliferation of plant cells in culture at very low concentrations. Oryza sativa PSK (OsPSK) cDNA encoding a PSK-alpha precursor has been isolated. The cDNA is 725 base pairs long, and the 89-aa product,(More)
Phytosulfokine-alpha (PSK-alpha), a unique plant peptide growth factor, was originally isolated from conditioned medium of asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) mesophyll cell cultures. PSK-alpha has several biological activities including promoting plant cell proliferation. Four genes that encode precursors of PSK-alpha have been identified from Arabidopsis.(More)
Density-dependent pollen germination and tube growth in vitro is a well-documented phenomenon, termed the pollen population effect, but far less is known about its molecular basis. We present evidence to support phytosulfokine-alpha [Y(SO3H)IY(SO3H)TQ; PSK-alpha] as a native bioactive factor contributing to this effect. Mature pollen grains of Nicotiana(More)
Two polypeptides from secretory products of human hepatoma cells were isolated and characterized on the basis of their stimulation of maintenance and growth of human endothelial cells in serum-free cell culture. Both factors were purified to homogeneity by a combination of reverse-phase, ion exchange, and molecular filtration high performance liquid(More)
Some mutations in the connection subdomain of the polymerase domain and in the RNase H domain of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) have been shown to contribute to resistance to RT inhibitors. However, the clinical relevance of such mutations is not well understood. To address this point we determined the prevalence of such mutations in a cohort of(More)
One of the formidable challenges in therapy of infections by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the emergence of drug-resistant variants that attenuate the efficacy of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). We have recently introduced 4'-ethynyl-nucleoside analogs as nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) that could be developed as(More)