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Calpain is an intracellular Ca2+-dependent cysteine protease (EC; Clan CA, family C02) discovered in 1964. It was also called CANP (Ca2+-activated neutral protease) as well as CASF, CDP, KAF, etc. until 1990. Calpains are found in almost all eukaryotes and a few bacteria, but not in archaebacteria. Calpains have a limited proteolytic activity, and(More)
Calpain is an intracellular Ca(2+)-dependent cysteine protease (EC; Clan CA, family C02). Recent expansion of sequence data across the species definitively shows that calpain has been present throughout evolution; calpains are found in almost all eukaryotes and some bacteria, but not in archaebacteria. Fifteen genes within the human genome encode(More)
Calpains are intracellular Ca²(+)-dependent cysteine proteases (Clan CA, family C02, EC found in almost all eukaryotes and some bacteria. Calpains display limited proteolytic activity at neutral pH, proteolysing substrates to transform and modulate their structures and activities, and are therefore called "modulator proteases". The human genome(More)
During pathophysiological muscle wasting, a family of ubiquitin ligases, including muscle RING-finger protein-1 (MuRF1), has been proposed to trigger muscle protein degradation via ubiquitination. Here, we characterized skeletal muscles from wild-type (WT) and MuRF1 knockout (KO) mice under amino acid (AA) deprivation as a model for physiological protein(More)
Muscular dystrophy with myositis (mdm) is a recessive mouse mutation that is caused by a small deletion in the giant elastic muscle protein titin. Homozygous mdm/mdm mice develop a progressive muscular dystrophy, leading to death at approximately 2 months of age. We surveyed the transcriptomes of skeletal muscles from 24 day old homozygous mdm/mdm and +/+(More)
Calpains are a family of proteases that were scientifically recognized earlier than proteasomes and caspases, but remain enigmatic. However, they are known to participate in a multitude of physiological and pathological processes, performing 'limited proteolysis' whereby they do not destroy but rather modulate the functions of their substrates. Calpains are(More)
Calpains are intracellular Ca2+-requiring ‘modulator proteases’, which modulate cellular functions by limited and specific proteolysis. p94/calpain3, a skeletal-muscle specific calpain, has been one of the representative calpain species which indicates physiological importance of calpain proteolytic system; a defect of proteolytic activity of p94 causes(More)
Calpain, an intracellular Ca²⁺-dependent cysteine protease, is known to play a role in a wide range of metabolic pathways through limited proteolysis of its substrates. However, only a limited number of these substrates are currently known, with the exact mechanism of substrate recognition and cleavage by calpain still largely unknown. While previous(More)
p94/calpain 3 is a skeletal muscle-specific Ca(2+)-regulated cysteine protease (calpain), and genetic loss of p94 protease activity causes muscular dystrophy (calpainopathy). In addition, a small in-frame deletion in the N2A region of connectin/titin that impairs p94-connectin interaction causes a severe muscular dystrophy (mdm) in mice. Since p94 via its(More)
While the importance of modulatory proteolysis in research has steadily increased, knowledge on this process has remained largely disorganized, with the nature and role of entities composing modulatory proteolysis still uncertain. We built CaMPDB, a resource on modulatory proteolysis, with a focus on calpain, a well-studied intracellular protease which(More)