Yasuko Muranaka

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3-(2,2,2-trimethylhydrazinium) propionate (MET-88) is an inhibitor of carnitine synthesis. This study was carried out to investigate whether or not reduction of carnitine content could attenuate hypoxic damage in isolated perfused rat hearts. Rats were divided into four groups: 1) vehicle control; 2) pretreatment with MET-88 (MET-88); 3) application of(More)
The effect of MET-88 [3-(2, 2, 2-trimethylhydrazinium) propionate], a gamma-butyrobetaine hydroxylase inhibitor, on the ischemic changes of energy metabolism was studied in the anesthetized dog. In the dog pretreated orally with MET-88 (50, 100 or 200 mg/kg/day) or placebo for 10 days, the left anterior descending coronary artery was occluded for 60 min,(More)
MET-88, 3-(2,2,2-trimethylhydrazinium) propionate, suppresses carnitine synthesis by inhibiting (gamma-butyrobetaine hydroxylase. The purpose of this study was to clarify the effects of suppression of carnitine synthesis on carnitine and lipid contents in tissues. MET-88 (50, 100, 200 or 400 mg/kg/d) was administered orally to male SD rats for 10, 30 or 60(More)
BACKGROUND The CogState Schizophrenia Battery (CSB), a computerized cognitive battery, covers all the same cognitive domains as the Measurement and Treatment Research to Improve Cognition in Schizophrenia (MATRICS) Consensus Cognitive Battery but is briefer to conduct. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the criterion and construct validity of the(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy and the possible mechanism of action of a recently synthesized drug, TAS-301 [3-bis (4-methoxyphenyl)methylene-2-indolinone], on intimal formation in comparison with those of tranilast, the clinical efficacy of which was reported earlier. Rat carotid arteries were injured using a balloon catheter.(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy and the possible mechanism of action of a recently synthesized drug, TAS-301 [3-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)methylene-2-indolinone], on stenosis after balloon overstretch injury of porcine arteries. We measured the diameter of vessels by angiography and conducted histological analysis. The oral administration(More)
We report our activity in the Consultation and Support Service in Toyama (CAST), a clinical service provided by the collaboration of Toyama Prefectural Mental Health Center and University Hospital of Toyama(UHT). About 23% of users diagnosed with at-risk mental state (ARMS), during October 2006 until March 2012, transitioned to overt schizophrenia. More(More)
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