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BACKGROUND The inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) protects the heart from acute myocardial ischemia. However, the role of DPP4 in chronic heart failure independent of coronary artery disease remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS We first localized the membrane-bound form of DPP4 to the capillary endothelia of rat and human heart tissue. Diabetes(More)
The interactions between the renin-angiotensin system and neovascularization in atherosclerotic plaque development are unclear. We investigated the effects of angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonism in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice with a special focus on plaque neovascularization. ApoE(-/-) mice fed a(More)
AIM Diabetic peripheral artery disease (PAD) is prone to be aggressive and recent reports have demonstrated that p53 accumulation may be responsible for impaired wound healing in diabetes. Statins has been demonstrated to facilitate p53 degradation by activating its specific ubiquitin ligase, MDM2. The aim of this study was to determine whether atorvastatin(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonist exendin-4 (Ex-4) is a remedy for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Ex-4 ameliorates cardiac dysfunction induced by myocardial infarction in preclinical and clinical settings. However, it remains unclear whether Ex-4 may modulate diabetic cardiomyopathy. We tested the impact of Ex-4 on two types of diabetic(More)
AIMS To assess the effects of diabetes mellitus (DM) on myocardial collagen accumulation, myocardial relaxation, and prognosis in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS A total of 102 consecutive DCM patients with a New York Heart Association functional class of I or II were enrolled. Patients were allocated to two groups on the basis of the(More)
As the link between heart failure (HF) and diabetes mellitus (DM) becomes unignorable, so the need is further increasing for pathological comprehension: What is "diabetic cardiomyopathy (DMC)?" In response to current concern, the most updated guidelines stated by the ACCF/AHA and by the ESC/EASD take one step further, including the definition of DMC,(More)
Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors are known to lower glucose levels and are also beneficial in the management of cardiovascular disease. Here, we investigated whether a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, vildagliptin, modulates endothelial cell network formation and revascularization processes in vitro and in vivo. Treatment with vildagliptin enhanced blood(More)
Cardiac troponins provide diagnostic and prognostic information on ischemic heart disease, but their roles in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are unclear. We sought to investigate the associations between elevated serum cardiac troponins T (cTnT) and I (cTnI) levels and cardiac injury in patients with HCM. We measured serum cTnT and cTnI in a peripheral(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental studies have suggested that dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors provide cardiovascular protective effects. We performed a randomized study to evaluate the effects of sitagliptin added on to the conventional therapy compared with conventional therapy alone (diet, exercise, and/or drugs, except for incretin-related agents) on the(More)