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One of the priorities in Alzheimer research is to develop a compound that inhibits the filament formation of tau protein. Since the three- or four-repeat microtubule-binding domain (MBD) in tau protein plays an essential role in filament formation, the inhibitory behavior of cyanidin (Cy) and methylene blue (MB) with respect to heparin-induced filament(More)
In order to make clear the structural role of the C-terminal amide group of endomorphin-2 (EM2, H-Tyr-Pro-Phe-Phe-NH2), an endogenous mu-receptor ligand, in the biological function, the solution conformations of endomorphin-2 and its C-terminal free acid (EM2OH, H-Tyr-Pro-Phe-Phe-OH), studied using two-dimensional 1H NMR measurements and molecular modeling(More)
The eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) serves as a master switch that controls mRNA translation through the promotive binding to eIF4G and the regulative binding with the endogenous inhibitor 4E-BP. Although the bindings of eIF4G and 4E-BP to eIF4E proceed through the common eIF4E recognition Y(X)(4)Lφ motif (X: variable, φ: hydrophobic) (first binding(More)
Although the alpha-helical Y(X)4Lvarphi containing region of eIF4E-binding protein (4EBP) is the major binding region with eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E), the roles of its N- and C-terminal regions in the binding are hardly known. To clarify the roles of these flexible regions in the interaction, the binding features of the sequentially N-, C-, or(More)
In order to elucidate the substrate specificity of alanyl-tRNA synthetase, 5'-O-[N-(L-alanyl)sulfamoyl]adenosine (Ala-SA), an analogue of alanyl-AMP, was chemically synthesized. Its binding ability is similar to that of the substrate based on the inhibitory activity for the aminoacylation of alanyl-tRNA synthetase. Taking advantage of the stable sulfamoyl(More)
In order to elucidate the substrate specificity of the Sn subsites (n=1-3) of cathepsin B, its crystal structure inhibited by E64c [(+)-(2S,3S)-3-(1-[N-(3-methylbutyl)amino]-leucylcarbonyl)oxirane-2-carboxylic acid] was analyzed by the X-ray diffraction method. Iterative manual rebuilding and convenient conjugate refinement of structure decreased R- and(More)
A set of the title compounds having different substituents (R1, R2) on their phenyl groups was synthesized to find sigma receptor binding affinity. Among the compounds, 2b (R1 = R2 = Cl) has the most potent sigma 1-binding activity, while 2a (R1 = R2 = H, SA4503) was most selective to sigma 1 over sigma 2 receptor. The crystal structures of 2a and 2b were(More)
Four known (1-3, 8) and four new abietane diterpenes, 15-hydroxy-8alpha,14alpha,12alpha,13alpha-diepoxyabietan-18-oic acid (4), 7alpha,8alpha,13beta,14beta-diepoxyabietan-18-oic acid (5), 18-nor-abieta-8,11,13-triene-4alpha,7alpha,15-triol (6), and abieta-8,11,13-triene-7alpha,15,18-triol (7) were isolated from the CHCl3 extract of the cones of Larix(More)
Parkin is the gene product identified as the major cause of autosomal recessive juvenile Parkinsonism (AR-JP). Parkin, a ubiquitin ligase E3, contains a unique ubiquitin-like domain in its N-terminus designated Uld which is assumed to be a interaction domain with the Rpn 10 subunit of 26S proteasome. To elucidate the structural and functional role of Uld in(More)
An antifungal pentaene macrolide TPU-0043 was isolated from Streptomyces sp. TP-A0625. The absolute configuration of TPU-0043 was determined to be 2R-(n-butyl)-16-methyl-3S,5S,7S,9R,11R,13R,15S,26S, 27R-nonahydroxyoctacosa-16,18,20,22,24-pentaenoic acid, 27-lactone, by X-ray crystallography of its 13-p-bromobenzenesulfonyl derivative.