Yasuko Hagiwara

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miR-1, miR-133a, and miR-206 are muscle-specific microRNAs expressed in skeletal muscles and have been shown to contribute to muscle development. To gain insight into the pathophysiological roles of these three microRNAs in dystrophin-deficient muscular dystrophy, their expression in the tibialis anterior (TA) muscles of mdx mice and CXMD(J) dogs were(More)
Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies are collectively termed dystrophinopathy. Dystrophinopathy and severe childhood autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy (SCARMD) are clinically very similar and had not been distinguished in the early 20th century. SCARMD was first classified separately from dystrophinopathy due to differences in the mode of(More)
Direct interaction between the C-terminal portion of dystrophin and dystrophin-associated proteins was investigated. The binding of dystrophin to each protein was reconstituted by overlaying bacterially expressed dystrophin fusion proteins onto the blot membranes to which dystrophin-associated proteins were transferred after separation by SDS/PAGE with the(More)
Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies are caused by defects of dystrophin, which forms a part of the membrane cytoskeleton of specialized cells such as muscle. It has been previously shown that the dystrophin-associated protein A1 (59-kDa DAP) is actually a heterogeneous group of phosphorylated proteins consisting of an acidic (alpha-A1) and a distinct(More)
Dystrophin-associated proteins (DAPs) are classified into a few groups, namely, those comprising of dystroglycan complex, sarcoglycan complex, syntrophin complex and others. Subsarcolemmal actin filaments are connected to laminin in the basement membrane through dystrophin and the dystroglycan complex. This system may function to protect muscle fibers from(More)
Caveolin-3 is a muscle-specific protein integrated in the caveolae, which are small invaginations of the plasma membrane. Mutations of the caveolin-3 gene, localized at 3p25, have been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD1C or caveolinopathy) with mild clinical symptoms, inherited through an autosomal dominant(More)
Type 2 diabetes is preceded by the development of insulin resistance, in which the action of insulin is impaired, largely in skeletal muscles. Caveolin-3 (Cav3) is a muscle-specific subtype of caveolin, an example of a scaffolding protein found within membranes. Cav is also known as growth signal inhibitor, although it was recently demonstrated that the(More)
Volatile anesthetics protect the heart from ischemia/reperfusion injury but the mechanisms for this protection are poorly understood. Caveolae, sarcolemmal invaginations, and caveolins, scaffolding proteins in caveolae, localize molecules involved in cardiac protection. We tested the hypothesis that caveolae and caveolins are essential for volatile(More)
BACKGROUND Caveolae, lipid-rich microdomains of the sarcolemma, localize and enrich cardiac-protective signaling molecules. Caveolin-3 (Cav-3), the dominant isoform in cardiac myocytes, is a determinant of caveolar formation. We hypothesized that cardiac myocyte-specific overexpression of Cav-3 would enhance the formation of caveolae and augment cardiac(More)
In 1958 Professor Setsuro Ebashi found that serum creatine kinase activity is increased in patients suffering from various muscular dystrophies, especially Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). He and others proposed that creatine kinase passes through the cell membrane as it is released from DMD muscle fibers. Since then, it has been found that dystrophin and(More)