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Various etiologic factors have been identified in tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN), including allergic drug reaction, infection, and immune-mediated disease. Immune-mediated TIN without significant glomerular involvement has been reported to occur as a renal complication secondary to Sjögren's syndrome, lupus nephritis, and antitubular basement membrane(More)
BACKGROUND S100A12, also known as EN-RAGE (extracellular newly identified receptor for advanced glycation end products binding protein) is a ligand for RAGE, and has been proposed to contribute to the development of atherosclerosis. In this study, we examined the plasma S100A12 concentration in patients with ESRD and undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES S100A12 is an endogenous receptor ligand for advanced glycation end products. Cardiovascular disease remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease. In this study, we report cross-sectional data on 550 hemodialysis patients and assess the relationship between plasma S100A12 level and(More)
MYH9 disorders are autosomal dominant diseases characterized by giant platelets, thrombocytopenia, and granulocyte inclusion bodies. These diseases are caused by mutations in the MYH9 gene that encodes nonmuscle myosin heavy chain IIA. We describe the case of a 27-year-old male who presented with macrothrombocytopenia and leukocyte inclusion bodies. Chronic(More)
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), which is purified from fish oil, attenuates inflammatory responses by decreasing eicosanoid and cytokine production. EPA reportedly improves renal survival in patients with immunoglobulin (Ig)A nephropathy; however, this is unconfirmed. We studied the effects of EPA on IgA nephropathy patients. Eighteen biopsy-confirmed IgA(More)
BACKGROUND Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs), platelets, and polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) contain various angiogenic factors and cytokines. METHODS AND RESULTS Unilateral hindlimb ischemia was surgically induced in athymic nude rats, and fluorescence-labeled human blood cells (PBMNCs [10(7) cells]+platelets [10(9)] or PBMNCs(More)
Klotho is a circulating protein, and Klotho deficiency disturbs endothelial integrity, but the molecular mechanism is not fully clarified. We report that vascular endothelium in Klotho-deficient mice showed hyperpermeability with increased apoptosis and down-regulation of vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin because of an increase in VEGF-mediated internal(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Data regarding renal disease in the elderly (age ≥65 years old) and very elderly (age ≥80 years old) Japanese are extremely limited. The aim of this study was to examine the causes of renal disease and their clinical presentations in elderly patients who underwent renal biopsy. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASUREMENTS From(More)
This study was performed in order to evaluate the angiogenic effect of implantation of either peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs) or bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNCs) on diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Streptozotocin (50 mg/kg) was injected intravenously into 6-week-old male Lewis rats. Four weeks after the induction of diabetes, 6 x 10(7) of(More)
BACKGROUND Gq-coupled receptors are known to transactivate epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) via the Ca2+ and PKC pathways to phosphorylate extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). METHODS We studied the involvement of EGFR in transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta)-mediated fibronectin (FN) expression using glomerular mesangial cells. (More)