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Using in vivo microdialysis, a comparative study was conducted to examine the effects of amphetamine-related compounds (methamphetamine, MAP; 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, MDMA; p-methoxyamphetamine, PMA; p-methoxymethamphetamine, PMMA; 4-methylthioamphetamine, 4-MTA; 3,4,5-trimethoxyamphetamine, TMA; 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine, DOI) on(More)
To investigate the direct effects of methamphetamine (MAP) on cardiac lesions seen in MAP abusers, isolated adult rat ventricular cardiomyocytes (ARCs) were exposed to MAP (0.05-1.0 mM) in medium 199 containing 10% fetal calf serum. Isolated ARCs attached to laminin-coated substrata and began to spread into polygonal shapes with pseudopodia at day 6 in(More)
OBJECTIVE To define by three dimensional echocardiography the pattern and potential determinants of contraction of a secundum atrial septal defect through the cardiac cycle, and to evaluate the possibility of using cross sectional transthoracic and transoesophageal imaging to assess the dynamic nature of the defect. DESIGN Three dimensional(More)
Fetal echocardiography can provide useful information for the evaluation of fetal arrhythmias. Between 1980 and 1993, 44 fetuses with arrhythmias were diagnosed in utero at 12 and 40 weeks of gestation in Kurume University Hospital. Fetal bradycardia, tachycardia and ectopic beats were revealed in 17, seven and 20 fetuses, respectively, and their clinical(More)
BACKGROUND The long-term consequences of the cardiovascular sequelae in Kawasaki disease remain uncertain. METHODS AND RESULTS We identified 594 consecutive children with acute Kawasaki disease between 1973 and 1983, and this cohort was followed up for 10 to 21 years (mean, 13.6 years). In all patients, we evaluated coronary lesions by coronary(More)
To evaluate the accuracy of 3-dimensional (3D) echocardiography in the estimation of left ventricular (LV) volume in vivo, we studied 15 newborn piglets ranging in weight from 2.6 to 11.8 kg. Measurements of beating LV volumes by 3D echocardiograms were compared with measurements by conductance catheter and transthoracic 2-dimensional (2D) echocardiograms(More)
Forty-four patients with atrial septal defects, aged 7 months to 18 years (median 8.9), underwent biplane transesophageal (TEE) and transthoracic (TTE) echocardiography. The size of the defect and the shunt flow volume were measured by TEE and compared with the actual size at surgery (N = 14) or the shunt volume measured by the Fick method (N = 34),(More)
The importance of managing fetal arrhythmia has increased over the past three decades. Although most fetal arrhythmias are benign, some types cause fetal hydrops and can lead to fetal death. With the aim of improving the outcome in such cases, various studies for prenatal diagnosis and perinatal management have been published. Detailed analysis of the type(More)
BACKGROUND The long-term clinical issue in Kawasaki disease (KD) concerns the coronary artery lesion. Two-dimensional echocardiography and coronary angiography are routine examinations to evaluate the coronary lesions; however, these are not adequate to assess the wall morphology of the coronary artery (CA). Intravascular ultrasound imaging (IVUS), a new(More)
A reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic method for species identification of blood and bloodstains is described. The method employs a 300 A pore SynChropak RP-4 column and ternary solvents (acetonitrile-trifluoroacetic acid-water) and can not only identify a species by its characteristic chromatogram, but also simultaneously demonstrates(More)