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BACKGROUND AND AIMS To compare the detectability of small hypervascular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) between double-phase CT during hepatic arteriography (CTHA) criteria (hypervascular on the early-phase of CTHA and corona enhancement on the late-phase of CTHA) widely introduced in Japan and EASL criteria (hypervascular on the arterial dominant phase and(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively evaluate the relationship between local tumor recurrence and iodized oil deposition in the portal vein by using ultraselective transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) for small hepatocellular carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS One-hundred twenty-three tumors smaller than 5 cm in diameter (mean diameter, 1.9 cm; median(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the detectability of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by computed tomography during arterial portography (CTAP) using cone-beam CT technology (CBCTAP) by comparing it with conventional CTAP. METHODS Forty-four HCC lesions (mean diameter 1.9 +/- 1.1 cm) of 24 patients who sequentially underwent conventional CTAP and CBCTAP during the(More)
Previous studies demonstrated that sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) induced migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) whereas it inhibited that of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). This study explored the molecular mechanisms underlying the contrasting S1P actions on vascular cell motility. In rat and human aortic SMCs, the(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the incidence of each extrahepatic collateral pathway to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to assess technical success rates and complications of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) through each collateral. METHODS We retrospective evaluated extrahepatic collateral pathways to HCC on angiography in 386 procedures on 181(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated iodized oil accumulation in the hypovascular portion of early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after ultraselective transcatheter arterial embolization (TACE). MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty-seven HCC lesions with hypovascular portions were treated by TACE at the distal level of the sub-subsegmental artery of the liver. Portal blood(More)
To understand the hemodynamics of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is important for the precise imaging diagnosis and treatment, because there is an intense correlation between their hemodynamics and pathophysiology. Angiogenesis such as sinusoidal capillarization and unpaired arteries shows gradual increase during multi-step hepatocarcinogenesis from(More)
PURPOSE To elucidate the incidence of signal intensity patterns of borderline lesions of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) on hepatobiliary phase Gd-EOB-DTPA (EOB) enhanced MRI and clarify the natural histories of these lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS Total 99 borderline lesions of HCC were identified by angiography-assisted CT. The signal intensity of(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively evaluate the arterial blood supply to the posterior aspect of segment IV of the liver with computed tomography (CT) after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) with iodized oil through the caudate arterial branch of the liver for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional review(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of the study were to assess the imaging features of hypovascular borderline lesions containing hypervascular foci on gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to evaluate the ability of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI to diagnose high-risk borderline lesions(More)