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WS79089A, B and C, which are novel endothelin converting enzyme (ECE) inhibitors have been isolated from the fermentation broth of Streptosporangium roseum No. 79089. These inhibitors were purified from an acetone extract of whole culture broth followed by Silicar CC-4 column chromatography and HPLC. WS79089A, B and C showed highly selective ECE inhibition… (More)
We show that selection of drug-resistant bacterial mutants allows the discovery of antibacterial compounds. Mutant strains of a soil-isolated Streptomyces species that does not produce antibacterials synthesize a previously unknown class of antibacterial, which we name piperidamycin. Overall, 6% of non-Streptomyces actinomycetes species and 43% of… (More)
FR225659 and four related compounds are novel gluconeogenesis inhibitors that consist of a novel acyl-group and three abnormal amino acids. They were isolated from the culture broth of Helicomyces sp. No. 19353 and can be purified by absorptive resin and reverse-phase column chromatography. They are potent inhibitors of gluconeogenesis in primary cultured… (More)
WF11899A, B and C, novel antifungal lipopeptide antibiotics were isolated from the culture broth of Coleophoma empetri F-11899. These compounds belong to the echinocandin type of lipopeptides. Of these compounds, WF11899A showed good solubility in water. These three antibiotics possess potent in vitro antifungal activities against Candida spp.
Swainsonine isolated from Metarhizium sp., was found to enhance the activities of the mouse immune system in vitro. Concanavalin A stimulated lymphocyte proliferation and proliferative response in mixed lymphocytes culture, which were suppressed by immunosuppressive factor obtained from serum of sarcoma 180 tumor bearing mouse, were restored to normal… (More)
In the course of our screening for anti-influenza agents of microbial origin, FR191512 was isolated from the cultured broth of fungus strain No. 17415 as colorless powder. The structure of FR191512 was determined by several spectroscopic experiments as a novel polyphenolic compound. This compound showed potent antiviral activity against influenza A virus.
A cyclic tetrapeptide FR235222, a novel immunosuppressant, has been isolated from the fermentation broth of a fungus, Acremonium sp. No. 27082. FR235222 showed potent and selective inhibitory effects on both T cell proliferation and lymphokine production. Further study has revealed this compound exhibits potent inhibitory effects on the activity of… (More)
FR65814, a novel immunosuppressant, was isolated from the cultured broth of Penicillium jensenii F-2883. The structure was assigned to be 5,6-dihydroxy-4-(1,2-epoxy-1,5-dimethyl-4-hexenyl)-1-oxaspiro++ +[2,5]octane by spectroscopic analyses. The compound suppressed the immune response at low concentration. In addition, a structually related component… (More)
Four isolates tentatively identified as Pseudaegerita matsushimae on the basis of the morphology of bulbil-like propagules were collected from substrates submerged in water in Thailand and Japan. In culture studies the two Thai isolates were found to produce phialoconidia on conidiogenous cells and phialoconidiophores whose morphology was similar to that of… (More)