Learn More
Although gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)C receptor rho1, rho2 and rho3 subunits are reportedly expressed in pyramidal and granule cells in the hippocampus at various developmental stages, it is not clear whether these three rho subunits are coexpressed in a single neuron. To attempt to answer this question, we performed single-cell RT-PCR for rho subunits(More)
In our previous study, anti-apoptotic effects of GABA(C)-receptor stimulation was suppressed by inhibitors of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), implying GABA(C) receptor-mediated PKA activation. The present study showed that GABA(C)-receptor stimulation with its agonist, cis-4-aminocrotonic acid (CACA), protected cultured hippocampal neurons from amyloid(More)
The existence of Cl(-) channels in lymphocytes and neutrophils has been increasingly recognized, but the biological functions are not yet clear. We examined the effects of Cl(-) channel blockers on the cell proliferation and the cell cycle of human leukemic cell lines. The growth of leukemic cells was suppressed most efficiently by NPPB(More)
In our previous reports using primary cultured rat hippocampal neurons, pathophysiological concentrations (< or =10 nM) of amyloid beta proteins (Abetas) showed neurotoxicity via a phosphatidylinositol metabolism disorder, and soybean-derived phosphatidylinositol protected the neurons against the Abeta's neurotoxicity. In the present study, such a(More)
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) reportedly inhibits secretion of anterior pituitary hormones by directly acting on GABA-A and GABA-B receptors on anterior pituitary cells, but the roles of GABA-C receptors are little known. In this study, involvement of GABA-C receptors in the secretion of prolactin (PRL) was examined using cultured rat anterior pituitary(More)
Increased copy number involving chromosome 3q26 is a frequent and early event in cancers of the ovary, lung, head and neck, cervix, and BRCA1 positive and basal breast cancers. The p110alpha catalytic subunit of phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3KCA) and protein kinase Ciota (PKCiota) have previously been shown as functionally deregulated by 3q copy number(More)
Macroprolactinemia is hyperprolactinemia in humans mainly due to anti-PRL (prolactin) autoantibodies and is a pitfall for the differential diagnosis of hyperprolactinemia. Despite its high prevalence, the pathogenesis remains unclear. In this study, we examined whether anti-PRL autoantibodies develop via immunization with homologous rat pituitary PRL in(More)
ClC-5 is a chloride channel known to be expressed in the kidney. We previously reported that ClC-5 mRNA was also strongly expressed in immature human myeloid cell line (HL-60), but weakly expressed in mature neutrophils. To clarify the underlying mechanisms, we examined the relationship between ClC-5 expression and cell cycle. Dimethyl sulfoxide treatment(More)
OBJECTIVE Macroprolactinaemia, mainly caused by anti-prolactin (PRL) autoantibodies, is frequently found in patients with hyperprolactinaemia. Characteristically, these patients lack clinical symptoms of hyperprolactinaemia, but the serum bioactive PRL concentrations in vitro measured by the Nb2 bioassay are usually high. In this study, we investigated the(More)