Yasuhisa Miyamoto

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Chemerin is a novel peptide that was identified as a natural ligand for ChemR23. As it has been reported to be involved in the regulation of immune responses and adipogenesis, chemerin may have a variety of physiological functions. Chemerin is synthesized as a precursor (prochemerin) and is proteolytically activated and inactivated in sequential steps,(More)
The characteristics of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) uptake were investigated in apical membrane vesicles prepared from the bovine retinal pigment epithelium. An inwardly directed NaCl gradient stimulated GABA uptake markedly, and the time course of uptake exhibited an overshoot phenomenon indicating the presence of an active transport mechanism for GABA(More)
The effects of a mixture of three peptidase inhibitors (PIs), amastatin, captopril and phosphoramidon, on methionine-enkephalin (Met-enk)-, beta-endorphin (beta-end)-, dynorphin-(1-13) (Dyn)- and electroacupuncture (EA)-induced antinociception were compared in rats. EA was performed by passing electric pulses (3 Hz, 0.1-msec duration, for 45 min) through(More)
Two types of cDNA encoding PACAP receptors were isolated from the rat brain cDNA library by homology screening with a cDNA probe for VIP receptor. Nucleotide sequence analysis indicated that these two types of receptor mRNA were generated by alternative splicing mechanisms. These two cloned cDNAs were introduced into CHO cells respectively. Resultant(More)
Characteristics of taurine uptake were investigated in apical membrane vesicles isolated from bovine retinal pigment epithelium. Uptake of taurine into these vesicles was stimulated markedly by the presence of an inwardly directed NaCl gradient across the membrane. The time course of the NaCl gradient-dependent uptake showed an overshoot, indicating a(More)
Met-enkephalin concentration-dependently and transiently inhibited the ileal twitch contraction and this inhibition gradually recovered with time. Bacitracin, phosphoramidon, thiorphan and captopril did not influence the twitch inhibition of met-enkephalin, but bestatin increased the twitch inhibitory potency of met-enkephalin and terminated it in a manner(More)
Antinociceptive actions and effects of intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) dynorphin-(1-13) (DYN) on morphine (MOR) analgesia and acute tolerance were studied in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Antinociceptive effect against hind paw pressure was produced by 30 micrograms of DYN, but not by 0.5-10 micrograms. Acetic acid writhing was inhibited dose-dependently by(More)
The effects of adrenalectomy on the pharmacokinetics and antinociceptive activity of morphine were investigated to elucidate the mechanism of adrenalectomy-induced potentiation of morphine antinociception in rats. Plasma concentrations of morphine were estimated specifically and serially in each rat by high performance liquid chromatography with an(More)
Adrenalectomy potentiated the antinociception of s.c. morphine (1.9-fold) but not that of i.c.v. morphine. After s.c. administration, the semilogarithmic plots of morphine content (plasma, brain, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or spinal cord) and morphine antinociception showed linearity for both sham-operated (SHAM) and adrenalectomized rats (ADX), and the(More)
Histamine H3 receptors (H3Rs) are presynaptic receptors that negatively regulate the release of histamine. The present study examined the physiological role of H3Rs in drinking behavior. In water-replete rats, intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of R-alpha-methylhistamine (RalphaMeHA), an H3R agonist, elicited drinking behavior. In contrast,(More)