Yasuhisa Asano

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The gene encoding the D-stereospecific amino-acid amidase from Ochrobactrum anthropi SV3 was cloned and sequenced. Analysis of 7.3 kb of genomic DNA revealed the presence of six ORFs, one of which (daaA) encodes the D-amino-acid amidase. This enzyme, DaaA, is composed of 363 amino-acid residues (molecular mass 40 082 Da), and the deduced amino-acid sequence(More)
An enzyme "alkylaldoxime dehydratase (OxdRG)" was purified and characterized from Rhodococcus globerulus A-4, in which nitrile hydratase (NHase) and amidase coexisted with the enzyme. The enzyme contains heme b as a prosthetic group, requires reducing reagents for the reaction, and is most active at a neutral pH and at around 30 degrees C, similar to the(More)
A new thermostable d-methionine amidase was found in a cell-free extract of Brevibacillus borstelensis BCS-1. After five steps of purification, the specific activity increased approximately 207-fold and the purity was more than 98%. The molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated to be 199 kDa by gel permeation chromatography and 30 kDa by sodium dodecyl(More)
Microbial degraders of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) were isolated from soil. Arthrobacter sp. strain W6 used not only PHB as a carbon source, but also PHAs such as poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-[5%]3-hydroxyvalerate), poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-[14%]3-hydroxyvalerate), and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-[22%]3-hydroxyvalerate). PHB-depolymerase was purified to(More)
A novel amidase acting on (R,S)-piperazine-2-tert-butylcarboxamide was purified from Pseudomonas sp. MCI3434 and characterized. The enzyme acted R-stereoselectively on (R,S)-piperazine-2-tert-butylcarboxamide to yield (R)-piperazine-2-carboxylic acid, and was tentatively named R-amidase. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the enzyme showed high sequence(More)
X X Ž X . The phosphorylation of inosine in the 5 -position to produce inosine-5 -monophosphate 5 -IMP was studied in a number Ž . of microorganisms from our culture collection using pyrophosphate PPi as the phosphate source. Although many of the microorganisms screened were able to phosphorylate inosine, phosphotransferase activity specific to the(More)
Five cases of symptomatic cavernous angioma involving the brainstem are reported. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is of greatest value in the diagnosis and for surgical indication. All cases were treated by radical extirpation. All of them improved postoperatively. The surgical indications for this lesion of the brainstem are briefly discussed with a review(More)
As a typical example of screening for a microbial biocatalyst from nature, isolation of aldoxime-degrading microorganisms, characterization of a new enzyme phenylacetaldoxime dehydratase, and application of this enzyme to nitrile synthesis are described. The pathway in which aldoximes are successively degraded via nitrile in microorganisms could be named as(More)
The enzyme 3-methylaspartase (3-methylaspartate ammonia-lyase, EC 4.3.1.2) was found in the cells of enteric bacteria, especially in the genera Citrobacter and Morganella, that were grown under anoxic and oxygen-limited conditions. The enzymes were purified to homogeneity from the cell-free extracts of 18 active strains and had similar enzymological(More)
3-Methylaspartase was purified 24-fold and crystallized from the crude extract of the cells of a facultative anaerobic bacterium from soil, strain YG-1002. The molecular mass of the native enzyme was about 84 kDa and that of the subunit was about 42 kDa. The pH optimum for the deamination reaction of (2S, 3S)-3-methylaspartic acid and those for the(More)