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The gene encoding the D-stereospecific amino-acid amidase from Ochrobactrum anthropi SV3 was cloned and sequenced. Analysis of 7.3 kb of genomic DNA revealed the presence of six ORFs, one of which (daaA) encodes the D-amino-acid amidase. This enzyme, DaaA, is composed of 363 amino-acid residues (molecular mass 40 082 Da), and the deduced amino-acid sequence(More)
New thermostable d-methionine amidase from Brevibacillus borstelensis BCS-1 and its application for d-phenylalanine production Abstract A new thermostable d-methionine amidase was found in a cell-free extract of Brevibacillus borstelensis BCS-1. After five steps of purification, the specific activity increased approximately 207-fold and the purity was more(More)
An enzyme "alkylaldoxime dehydratase (OxdRG)" was purified and characterized from Rhodococcus globerulus A-4, in which nitrile hydratase (NHase) and amidase coexisted with the enzyme. The enzyme contains heme b as a prosthetic group, requires reducing reagents for the reaction, and is most active at a neutral pH and at around 30 degrees C, similar to the(More)
Five cases of symptomatic cavernous angioma involving the brainstem are reported. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is of greatest value in the diagnosis and for surgical indication. All cases were treated by radical extirpation. All of them improved postoperatively. The surgical indications for this lesion of the brainstem are briefly discussed with a review(More)
We developed a molecular screening procedure using Southern hybridization and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to identify aldoxime dehydratase (Oxd) encoding genes (oxds) among 14 aldoxime- or nitrile-degrading microorganisms. When an oxd gene of Rhodococcus erythropolis N-771 was used as a probe, positive hybridization signals were seen with the(More)
As a typical example of screening for a microbial biocatalyst from nature, isolation of aldoxime-degrading microorganisms, characterization of a new enzyme phenylacetaldoxime dehydratase, and application of this enzyme to nitrile synthesis are described. The pathway in which aldoximes are successively degraded via nitrile in microorganisms could be named as(More)
3-Methylaspartase was purified 24-fold and crystallized from the crude extract of the cells of a facultative anaerobic bacterium from soil, strain YG-1002. The molecular mass of the native enzyme was about 84 kDa and that of the subunit was about 42 kDa. The pH optimum for the deamination reaction of (2S, 3S)-3-methylaspartic acid and those for the(More)
We examined the overexpression of a novel FMN-dependent heme-containing lyase, phenylacetaldoxime dehydratase (Oxd) of Bacillus sp. strain OxB-1, in Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. Several plasmids were constructed to express the enzyme under the control of the lac promoter or its own promoter, together with or without nitrilase and a possible(More)
The gene coding for 3-methylaspartate ammonia-lyase (3-methylaspartase, MAL, EC from Citrobacter amalonaticus strain YG-1002 (TPU 6323) was cloned onto plasmid pBluescript II KS(+), and the nucleotide sequence of the 1239-bp open reading frame (ORF), consisting of 413 codons, was identified as the mal gene coding for MAL. The predicted polypeptide(More)
A novel amidase acting on (R,S)-piperazine-2-tert-butylcarboxamide was purified from Pseudomonas sp. MCI3434 and characterized. The enzyme acted R-stereoselectively on (R,S)-piperazine-2-tert-butylcarboxamide to yield (R)-piperazine-2-carboxylic acid, and was tentatively named R-amidase. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the enzyme showed high sequence(More)