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Degradation of basement membrane and extracellular matrix structures are important features of the metastatic process of malignant tumors. Human heparanase degrades heparan sulfate proteoglycans, which represent the main components of basement membranes and the extracellular matrix. Because of the role of heparanase in tumor invasion and metastasis, we(More)
We evaluated the techniques of colonic interposition and supercharge for esophageal reconstruction and discussed the main considerations related to these procedures. In this study, we performed 51 esophageal reconstructions using colonic interposition. Twenty-eight of the 51 patients had synchronous or allochronic gastric malignancy. We selected colonic(More)
Taxanes are approved for the treatment of breast cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes, following surgery and doxorubicin containing chemotherapy. Taxanes have improved the survival of breast cancer patients, especially in estrogen receptor (ER) negative population in clinical settings. This time we examined the relationship between chemosensitivity to(More)
BACKGROUND Oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) often arises from preceding dysplastic lesions in the oesophageal epithelium. However, the molecular changes occurring in premalignant lesions are not well understood. An epigenetic change is an example of OSCC that may occur within the epithelium. AIM To investigate the methylation status of multiple(More)
This study assessed the techniques of the free jejunal graft for the reconstruction of hypopharynx or cervical esophagus and discussed the main aspects related to those procedures. By using free jejunal grafts, we reconstructed 54 hypopharyngeal and cervical esophageal cancers. In this study, 23 out of 54 patients had a malignant tumor located in the(More)
We report seven early gastric cancers in five patients, which arose in the reconstructed gastric tube after radical resection for esophageal cancer. Four of them occurred in the middle gastric tube and three in the distal gastric tube. Three of 5 cases were reconstructed via the retromediastinal route and two via the presternal route. They all were(More)
. Basaloid squamous carcinoma of the esophagus is very rare. We report two cases of basaloid squamous carcinoma of the esophagus. Both tumors histologically consisted of solid cell nests with intervening fibromyxoid stroma. In some tumor nests were comprised of pseudoglandular structures containing myxoid matrix, and displayed focal immunoreactivity for(More)
The concept of a "cancer stem cell system" that continues to supply cancer component cells has been proposed. It is time to apply stem cell studies, which is a field of expertise in regenerative medicine, to cancer treatment. Cancer treatments that effectively attack cancer stem cells acting as a manufacturing plant for producing differentiated cancer(More)
In this study, we examined the distribution of heparanase protein in 75 esophageal squamous cell carcinomas by immunohistochemistry and analyzed the relationship between heparanase expression and clinicopathological characteristics. In situ hybridization showed that the mRNA expression pattern of heparanase was similar to that of the protein, suggesting(More)