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We report seven early gastric cancers in five patients, which arose in the reconstructed gastric tube after radical resection for esophageal cancer. Four of them occurred in the middle gastric tube and three in the distal gastric tube. Three of 5 cases were reconstructed via the retromediastinal route and two via the presternal route. They all were(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), in particular HIF-1alpha, have been implicated in tumor biology. However, HIF target genes in the esophageal tumor microenvironment remain elusive. Gene expression profiling was performed upon hypoxia-exposed non-transformed immortalized human esophageal epithelial cells, EPC2-hTERT, and comparing with a gene signature of(More)
Overexpression of ING1, a candidate tumor suppressor gene, efficiently blocks cell growth or induces apoptosis in different experimental systems. ING1 maps to chromosome 13q33-34, and because loss of the terminal region of chromosome 13q has been implicated in esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC), we examined ESCC for genetic alterations of ING1. Among 31(More)
PURPOSE Because chemoradiotherapy selectively targets proliferating cancer cells, quiescent cancer stem-like cells are resistant. Mobilization of the cell cycle in quiescent leukemia stem cells sensitizes them to cell death signals. However, it is unclear that mobilization of the cell cycle can eliminate quiescent cancer stem-like cells in solid cancers.(More)
PURPOSE Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) regulates integrin and growth factor-mediated signaling pathways to enhance cell migration, proliferation, and survival, and its up-regulation correlates malignant grade and poor outcome in several types of cancer. In this study, we aimed to raise a potential therapeutic strategy using a FAK inhibitor for Barrett's(More)
PURPOSE Both heparanase and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) are thought to play critical roles for tumor malignancy, including angiogenesis, although it is unknown about their relationship with each other in cancer progression. We hypothesized that they may link to each other on tumor angiogenesis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The expressions of heparanase and COX-2 in(More)
The inability to repair DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) leads to radiosensitization, such that ionizing radiation combined with molecular inhibition of cellular DSB processing may greatly affect treatment of human cancer. As a variety of viral products interact with the DNA repair machinery, oncolytic virotherapy may improve the therapeutic window of(More)
The occurrence of multiple primary cancers in the aerodigestive tract is a well known phenomenon that has been explained by the concept of 'field carcinogenesis'. Metachronous or synchronous esophageal cancer has usually been identified in patients with head and neck cancer, gastric cancer or colon cancer. The incidence of multiple primary cancers of the(More)
In the normal stratified squamous epithelium of the esophagus, only the third to the fifth layers of cells express the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21 WAF1/CIP1 (p21). Using immunohistochemical staining, we examined the top-ological distribution of cells expressing p21, p53, Ki67, and cytokeratin 10 (CK10), a differentiation marker of esopha-geal(More)
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a 125-kDa non-receptor and non-membrane protein tyrosine. FAK can function with integrins and growth factor receptors to promote cell survival dependent kinase activity and nuclear FAK promotes cell proliferation and survival through FERM (FAK, ezrin, radixin, moesin) domain-enhanced p53 degradation independent kinase(More)