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The ascidian larva is often regarded as an organism close to the ancestral form of chordates, while it is generally accepted that the Spemann's organizer is absent from ascidian embryos. Not is one of the genes expressed in the organizer to execute functions in vertebrate embryos. To address the extent of conservation of Not gene expression among ascidians(More)
Thalamic stimulation alleviated coarse action tremor in a patient with spinocerebellar degeneration (SCD) and led to substantial improvement in daily functioning, though disability from ataxia remained. Intraoperative microrecording revealed a significant correlation between neuronal activity of the ventral intermediate nucleus (Vim) and tremor(More)
16q22.1-linked autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia (16q-ADCA) is a recently defined subtype of ADCA identified by a disease-specific C/T substitution in the 5' untranslated region of the puratrophin-1 gene. In Nagano, the central mountainous district of the main island of Japan, 16q-ADCA and spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) are the most and second most(More)
  • Masakatsu Suzuki, Ann L Jagger, +4 authors Cornelia M Weyand
  • 2012
CD8 T cells stimulated with a suboptimal dose of anti-CD3 Abs (100 pg/ml) in the presence of IL-15 retain a naive phenotype with expression of CD45RA, CD28, CD27, and CCR7 but acquire new functions and differentiate into immunosuppressive T cells. CD8+CCR7+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) express FOXP3 and prevent CD4 T cells from responding to TCR stimulation(More)
Triple A syndrome is caused by mutations in the gene encoding ALADIN, leading to achalasia, alacrima and addisonism. Neurologic manifestations of the disease include motor neuron disease-like presentations, motor-sensory or autonomic neuropathy, optic atrophy, cerebellar ataxia, Parkinsonism, and mild dementia. We report a 60-year-old Japanese man with(More)
We report a patient with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) who showed high titers of anti-sulfated glucuronyl paragloboside (SGPG) IgM antibody without M-protein in serum. The patient was resistant to corticosteroids and immunosuppressants, but after administration of rituximab, clinical symptoms improved and the patient(More)
Calciphylaxis is a vascular calcification-cutaneous necrosis syndrome, usually seen in patients with end-stage renal disease and secondary hyperparathyroidism. We report a 57-year-old polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome patient complicated with extensive skin ulcers due to calciphylaxis. He(More)
We report a 20-year-old woman with Crohn's disease (CD) who developed anterior neck pain while being treated with the anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha monoclonal antibody, infliximab. She showed no symptoms suggestive of active CD except for tenderness along the left common carotid artery with marked increases in serum TNF-alpha and inflammatory(More)
We report a patient with multiple sclerosis (MS) who developed subcutaneous nodules on the face, shoulders and extremities while being treated with interferon (IFN)-beta-1b. These nodules fluctuated in parallel with myelopathy, and were diagnosed as lupus erythematosus profundus (LEP) based on histopathological findings. The patient showed no relapse of(More)
We prospectively investigated therapeutic and adverse effects of tacrolimus in seven patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) who were resistant to conventional therapies or could not be treated with thymectomy because of complications. Within two months of initiation of tacrolimus all the patients subjectively showed improvement of clinical symptoms, while(More)