Yasuhiro Shimojima

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The ascidian larva is often regarded as an organism close to the ancestral form of chordates, while it is generally accepted that the Spemann's organizer is absent from ascidian embryos. Not is one of the genes expressed in the organizer to execute functions in vertebrate embryos. To address the extent of conservation of Not gene expression among ascidians(More)
Thalamic stimulation alleviated coarse action tremor in a patient with spinocerebellar degeneration (SCD) and led to substantial improvement in daily functioning, though disability from ataxia remained. Intraoperative microrecording revealed a significant correlation between neuronal activity of the ventral intermediate nucleus (Vim) and tremor(More)
16q22.1-linked autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia (16q-ADCA) is a recently defined subtype of ADCA identified by a disease-specific C/T substitution in the 5' untranslated region of the puratrophin-1 gene. In Nagano, the central mountainous district of the main island of Japan, 16q-ADCA and spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) are the most and second most(More)
We report a patient with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) who showed high titers of anti-sulfated glucuronyl paragloboside (SGPG) IgM antibody without M-protein in serum. The patient was resistant to corticosteroids and immunosuppressants, but after administration of rituximab, clinical symptoms improved and the patient(More)
Triple A syndrome is caused by mutations in the gene encoding ALADIN, leading to achalasia, alacrima and addisonism. Neurologic manifestations of the disease include motor neuron disease-like presentations, motor-sensory or autonomic neuropathy, optic atrophy, cerebellar ataxia, Parkinsonism, and mild dementia. We report a 60-year-old Japanese man with(More)
Calciphylaxis is a vascular calcification-cutaneous necrosis syndrome, usually seen in patients with end-stage renal disease and secondary hyperparathyroidism. We report a 57-year-old polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome patient complicated with extensive skin ulcers due to calciphylaxis. He(More)
We prospectively investigated therapeutic and adverse effects of tacrolimus in seven patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) who were resistant to conventional therapies or could not be treated with thymectomy because of complications. Within two months of initiation of tacrolimus all the patients subjectively showed improvement of clinical symptoms, while(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate peripheral blood lymphocyte subpopulations, particularly helper T (Th) cells and cytokine expression before and after treatment in polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM). PATIENTS AND METHODS Ten patients with PM and 15 with DM were enrolled in this study. As a control we used 11 age-matched healthy subjects. We analyzed(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate whether or not coadministration of tacrolimus (TAC) with prednisolone (PSL) can produce a beneficial effect in the treatment of polymyositis/ dermatomyositis (PM/DM). METHODS We reviewed medical records of 32 PM/DM patients who had been admitted to our hospital, and abstracted those who had received TAC in addition to oral PSL(More)
We report a patient with multiple sclerosis (MS) who developed subcutaneous nodules on the face, shoulders and extremities while being treated with interferon (IFN)-beta-1b. These nodules fluctuated in parallel with myelopathy, and were diagnosed as lupus erythematosus profundus (LEP) based on histopathological findings. The patient showed no relapse of(More)