Yasuhiro Sanada

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Hemicraniectomy is increasingly used as treatment option in stroke and in head trauma, but little is known on the (patho)physiological regional effects of hemicraniectomy in the normal brain. A standard left-sided craniectomy was performed in three cats. Regional cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO(2)) and cerebral metabolic(More)
BACKGROUND Anastomosis of the superficial temporal artery (STA) to the middle cerebral artery (MCA) is useful for treating certain patients with internal carotid artery occlusion or MCA occlusion. However, in the case of common carotid artery (CCA) occlusion, since the blood flow in the STA is insufficient, another artery should be used as the donor artery.(More)
We treated a male infant with occipital meningoencephalocele associated with the taking of Tripterygium wilfordii. The infant was delivered normally at 38 weeks of gestation with a huge cystic mass protruding from the occiput. He was diagnosed with occipital meningoencephalocele and cerebellar agenesis. His mother had taken T. wilfordii for rheumatoid(More)
Spreading depression-like peri-infarct depolarizations not only characterize but also worsen penumbra conditions in cortical border zones of experimental focal ischemia. We intended to investigate the relevance of ischemic depolarization in subcortical regions of ischemic territories. Calomel electrodes measured DC potentials simultaneously in the lateral(More)
Numerous procedures have been reported for reconstruction of the bony defect around the sphenoid ridge after a frontotemporal craniotomy. However, it is still often difficult to restore the defect because of the complex curvature. Here we describe a simple cranial reconstruction method using hydroxyapatite cement and gelatin sponges. This procedure has been(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Occlusion of the anterior third of superior sagittal sinus (SSS) is generally well tolerated because of sufficient collateral venous blood flow. In contrast, the pathophysiologic effects of occlusion of the SSS posterior to the rolandic vein remain controversial. We aimed to identify the specific hemodynamic effects of this subtype of(More)
BACKGROUND Sylvian dissection is an essential microneurosurgical skill for neurosurgeons. The safe and accurate opening of the sylvian fissure is desirable for a good prognosis. METHODS The aim of this report is to demonstrate the use of indocyanine green (ICG) videoangiography to recognize the superficial sylvian vein (SSV) and thus enable a wide opening(More)
The half-life of valproic acid (VPA) was studied in 8 epileptic and severely mental retarded patients before and after one month of carnitine supplementation. Serum carnitine concentration was significantly decreased and VPA half-life was prolonged especially in adult patients before carnitine supplementation. After the treatment with carnitine, serum(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) is increasingly used to quantify regional hemodynamic and metabolic changes in different animal models. Most of these (multitracer) studies provided important early data on already functionally altered brain tissue, indicating selective vulnerability by a large variability in the functional blood flow threshold of(More)