Yasuhiro Okamoto

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BACKGROUND Although benzene is known to be myelotoxic and to cause myeloid leukemia in humans, the mechanism has not been elucidated. OBJECTIVES We focused on 1,2,4-benzenetriol (BT), a benzene metabolite that generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) by autoxidation, to investigate the toxicity of benzene leading to leukemogenesis. METHODS After exposing(More)
Observed only after administration of high doses, cardiotoxicity is the dose-limiting effect of cyclophosphamide (CY). We investigated the poorly understood cardiotoxic mechanisms of high-dose CY. A rat cardiac myocardial cell line, H9c2, was exposed to CY metabolized by S9 fraction of rat liver homogenate mixed with co-factors (CYS9). Cytotoxicity was then(More)
Lamotrigine (LTG) is an anti-epileptic drug and mood-stabilizing agent, whose adverse effects include skin rash and dizziness. Interactions with the immune system are rare, and only a few cases linking hypogammaglobulinemia to LTG treatment have been previously described. In this report, we describe a case in which a patient developed hypogammaglobulinemia,(More)
BACKGROUND Intracranial teratoma associated with Down syndrome is rare. With only three previously reported cases, our case is the first one presenting an immature component. CASE DESCRIPTION A 2-month-old boy with trisomy 21 presented with lethargy and head enlargement. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study showed an obstructive hydrocephalus with 0.5(More)
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