Yasuhiro Kimura

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Adenosine modulates the intestinal functions of secretion, motility, and immunity, yet little is known about the regulation of nutrient absorption. Therefore, we measured the carrier-mediated uptake of tracer D-[(14)C]glucose (2 microM) by everted sleeves of the mouse intestine after a lumenal exposure to adenosine and a disodium salt of AMP. Rates of(More)
The oral bioavailability of some therapeutic agents is markedly lower in cynomolgus monkeys than in humans. We investigated small-intestinal absorption of the P-glycoprotein (P-gp) substrates etoposide and digoxin in monkeys to clarify the influence of efflux transport on their intestinal permeability. The pharmacokinetics of etoposide and digoxin was(More)
Supplementing diets with nondigestible fibers that are fermented by the gastrointestinal tract bacteria increases the dimension and absorptive capacities of the small intestine; we hypothesized that this would increase the accumulation of environmental contaminants. This was tested by feeding mice for 6-8 wk diets with fiber at two levels (0 and 100 g/kg)(More)
Although gender differences exist for intestinal absorption of nutrients and drugs, the possible role estradiol may play in modulating nutrient transport has not been established. Therefore, small intestine glucose transport was measured 1 week after administering estradiol to ovariectomized rats fed diets high in carbohydrate (C) or protein (P). Rats(More)
Dietary fiber supplementation can increase the size and nutrient absorption capacities of the small intestine in some mammals, but does this increase the risk of accumulating environmental contaminants? This study addressed this question by feeding mice diets containing various types of fiber at 0 or 100 g/kg (cellulose, lactosucrose, polydextrose,(More)
Although probiotic bacteria and their metabolites alter enterocyte gene expression, rapid, non-genomic responses have not been examined. The present study measured accumulation of tracer (2 μM) glucose by Caco-2 cells after exposure for 10 min or less to a chemically defined medium (CDM) with different monosaccharides before and after anaerobic culture of(More)
Crude synaptic membranes treated with Triton X-100 (TX) bound gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) to two classes of receptor site in Na+-free 10 mM-Tris-sulfate buffer (pH 7.4), but to only a single class of receptor site in 10 mM Tris-sulfate buffer (pH 7.4), containing 150 mM-NaCl. The high-affinity receptor site in TX membranes was specifically masked in the(More)
Rho-kinase (ROCK) inhibitors improve liver blood flow after ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury, especially in the setting of steatosis, by decreasing the resistance of intrahepatic microcirculation through hepatic stellate cell (HSC) relaxation. However, the systemic administration of ROCK inhibitors causes severe hypotension; therefore, liver-specific ROCK(More)
L-Cysteine ethylester hydrochloride (ethylcysteine; 30 mg/kg, p.o.) increased the number of la-positive cells (antigen presenting cells) in spleen adherent cells (SAC) and that of Lyt 1.2-positive cells (helper T cells), but not that of Lyt 2.2-positive cells (suppressor T cells) of C57BL/6 mice immunized with sheep red blood cells. The production of(More)