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Since a deep involvement of astrocytes, a kind of glial cells, in differentiation of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) has been suggested, we examined the relation of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) to the BBB. First, immunohistochemical examination of the cerebral cortex of rats revealed that glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor(More)
It is well known that the blood-brain barrier (BBB) matures at approximately 2 wk after birth in the rat. Recently, we showed that glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) enhances the barrier function of porcine endothelial cells forming the BBB in culture. In the present study, we examined the relation between permeability of the BBB, using(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) in humans is a progressive neurogenic disease that can be linked with such characteristic pathological findings in the cerebrum as senile plaques (SPs), neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), and neuronal loss. In the present study, the authors investigated the age-related morphological changes in 12(More)
In a seven-year-old male cynomolgus monkey, erythema of the upper eyelid and forehead and corneal opacity, edema and conical protrusion in the eye were observed. At necropsy, ophthalmological and serological examinations revealed binocular corneal opacity and conical protrusion and a high IgE level, respectively. Thinning of the epithelium and stroma of the(More)
To detect indices of recruitment intensity of the Pacific stock of chub mackerel Scomber japonicus, the relationship between the growth rate during early life and recruitment variability and the effects of temperature on annual change of the growth rate were examined. Growth-trajectories in larval and juvenile stages were back-calculated by otolith(More)
Inter-specific comparison of growth was conducted among three Sebastes species (Sebastes inermis, Sebastes ventricosus and Sebastes cheni) which have previously been treated as a single species before the 2008 taxonomic review. Fish were collected in April 2010 for DNA analysis and each month from June 2011 to May 2012 for growth analysis in the central(More)
We investigated chronological changes in immunohistochemical phenotyping in the thymus and spleen in Crl:CD rats up to the age of about one year. In the thymus, T cells increased markedly from 3 to 4 weeks of age. Proliferating cells also increased markedly at these points. B cells tended towards an increase with age. In the spleen, white pulp increased(More)
Porencephaly was observed in a female cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis) aged 5 years and 7 months. The cerebral hemisphere exhibited diffuse brownish excavation with partial defects of the full thickness of the hemispheric wall, and it constituted open channels between the lateral ventricular system and arachnoid space. In addition, the bilateral(More)
Two cases of spontaneous focal hepatic hyperplasia were observed in young female cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis). Grossly, a single raised nodule was observed in the left hepatic lobe. Histopathologically, the nodule compressed surrounding normal tissue; however, the hepatic cords within the nodule continued to those in the nor mal area except in(More)
Severe bilateral cataract was found in a 7 year-old naïve female cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis) 3 months before necropsy. During macroscopic examination, severe opacity and thinning of the lens were observed in both eyes. Histopathology revealed that the lens nuclei and majority of cortex lens fibers had disappeared and become excavated, while the(More)