Yasuhiro Igarashi

Learn More
We analyzed the effect of positive inotropic agents on the relation between left ventricular oxygen consumption and the systolic pressure-volume area. Pressure-volume area is a measure of total mechanical energy for ventricular contraction, and is a specific area in the ventricular pressure-volume diagram circumscribed by the end-systolic and end-diastolic(More)
Although sphingosine 1-phosphate (Sph-1-P) is reportedly involved in diverse cellular processes and the physiological roles of this bioactive sphingolipid have been strongly suggested, few studies have revealed the presence of Sph-1-P in human samples, including body fluids and cells, under physiological conditions. In this study, we identified Sph-1-P as a(More)
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (Sph-1-P) is a bioactive sphingolipid, acting both as an intracellular second messenger and extracellular mediator, in mammalian cells. In cell types where Sph-1-P acts as an intracellular messenger, stimulation-dependent synthesis of Sph-1-P, possibly resulting from sphingosine (Sph) kinase activation, is essential. Since this(More)
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (Sph-1-P) has been implicated as an intracellular second messenger in many studies. We investigated the metabolism of Sph-1-P and the mechanism by which Sph-1-P induces activation in enucleated and highly differentiated platelets. Platelets lack Sph-1-P lyase activity, possess persistently active sphingosine (Sph) kinase, and(More)
Activation of the PDGF receptor on human arterial smooth muscle cells (SMC) induces migration and proliferation via separable signal transduction pathways. Sphingosine-1-phosphate (Sph-1-P) can be formed following PDGF receptor activation and therefore may be implicated in PDGF-receptor signal transduction. Here we show that Sph-1-P does not significantly(More)
Anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) derived from the sera of individuals exhibiting the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) directly bind to beta 2-glycoprotein I (beta 2-GPI), which is adsorbed to an oxidized polystyrene surface. Oxygen atoms were introduced on a polystyrene surface by irradiation with electron or gamma-ray radiation. X-ray photoelectron(More)
Since a deep involvement of astrocytes, a kind of glial cells, in differentiation of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) has been suggested, we examined the relation of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) to the BBB. First, immunohistochemical examination of the cerebral cortex of rats revealed that glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor(More)
The cbbL and cbbS genes, encoding ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RubisCO), were cloned and sequenced from a thermophilic hydrogen-oxidizing bacterium, Pseudomonas hydrogenothermophila strain TH-1. The cbbL gene encoded a 474-amino-acid (aa) protein (53,285 Da); cbbS encoded a 124-aa protein (14,656 Da). An ORF found downstream from the(More)
Insulin resistance is associated with the circulating free fatty acid (FFA) level and intracellular lipid content in muscle and liver. We investigated the effect of 2-wk diet and exercise therapy on total adiposity, circulating FFA, intracellular lipid content in muscle and liver, and peripheral insulin sensitivity. Type 2 diabetic patients were divided(More)
Staurosporine is a representative member of indolocarbazole antibiotics. The entire staurosporine biosynthetic and regulatory gene cluster spanning 20-kb was cloned from Streptomyces sp. TP-A0274 and sequenced. The gene cluster consists of 14 ORFs and the amino acid sequence homology search revealed that it contains three genes, staO, staD, and staP, coding(More)