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A criterion to determine the existence of zero-energy edge states is discussed for a class of particle-hole symmetric Hamiltonians. A "loop" in a parameter space is assigned for each one-dimensional bulk Hamiltonian, and its topological properties, combined with the chiral symmetry, play an essential role. It provides a unified framework to discuss(More)
Recently, quantum Hall state analogs in classical mechanics attract much attention from topological points of view. Topology is not only for mathematicians but also quite useful in a quantum world. Further it even governs the Newton's law of motion. One of the advantages of classical systems over solid state materials is its clear controllability. Here we(More)
We reveal from numerical study that the optical Hall conductivity sigma(xy)(omega) has a characteristic feature even in the ac ( approximately THz) regime in that the Hall plateaus are retained both in the ordinary two-dimensional electron gas and in graphene in the quantum Hall regime, although the plateau height is no longer quantized in ac. In graphene(More)
Two-dimensional graphite sheets with a certain type of edges are known to support boundary states localized near the edges. Forming a flat band with a sharp peak in the density of states at the Fermi energy, they can trigger a magnetic instability or a distortion of the lattice in the presence of electron-electron or electron-phonon interactions. We shall(More)
Transitions between the quantum Hall state and the Anderson insulator are studied in a two dimensional tight binding model with a uniform magnetic field and a random potential. By the string (anyon) gauge, the weak magnetic field regime is explored numerically. The regime is closely related to the continuum model. The change of the Hall conductance and the(More)
We investigate how the criticality of the quantum Hall plateau transition in disordered graphene differs from those in the ordinary quantum Hall systems, based on the honeycomb lattice with ripples modeled as random hoppings. The criticality of the graphene-specific n = 0 Landau level is found to change dramatically to an anomalous, almost exact fixed point(More)
Quasielectrons and quasiholes in the fractional quantum Hall liquids obey fractional (including nontrivial mutual) exclusion statistics. Their statistics matrix can be determined from several possible state-counting scheme, involving different assumptions on statistical correlations. Thermal activation of quasiparticle pairs and thermodynamic properties of(More)
A one-parameter family of models that interpolates between the periodic A nderson model with infinite repulsion at half-filling and a model whose ground state is exactly the Resonating-Valence-Bond state is studied. It is shown numerically that the excitation gap does not collapse. Therefore the ground states of the two models are adiabatically connected.
Recently the existence of a random critical line in two dimensional Dirac fermions is confirmed. In this paper, we focus on its scaling properties, especially in the critical region. We treat Dirac fermions in two dimensions with two types of randomness, a random site (RS) model and a random hopping (RH) model. The RS model belongs to the usual orthogonal(More)
Integral quantum Hall plateau transitions in a planar lattice system due to gap collapse can be described by an effective field theory with Dirac fermions. We discuss how to reproduce the correct integral values for the Hall con-ductance, σ xy , before and after the plateau transition, which are dictated by the microscopic topological invariant. In addition(More)