Yasuhiro Hashimoto

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Sialic acid (Sia) is a family of acidic nine-carbon sugars that occupies the nonreducing terminus of glycan chains. Diversity of Sia is achieved by variation in the linkage to the underlying sugar and modification of the Sia molecule. Here we identified Sia-dependent epitope specificity for GL7, a rat monoclonal antibody, to probe germinal centers upon T(More)
The proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-1beta is up-regulated in microglial cells surrounding amyloid plaques, leading to the hypothesis that IL-1beta is a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. However, we unexpectedly found that IL-1beta significantly enhanced alpha-cleavage, indicated by increases in sAPPalpha and C83, but reduced beta-cleavage,(More)
We previously obtained a monoclonal antibody (Th-10a mAb) that recognizes a single 95-kDa mouse nuclear protein (NP95). Immunostaining analyses revealed that the NP95 was specifically stained in the S phase of normal mouse thymocytes. In contrast, mouse T cell lymphoma cells exhibited a constantly high level of NP95 accumulation irrespective of cell stages(More)
Siglec-7 (p75/AIRM1) is an inhibitory receptor on human natural killer cells (NK cells) and monocytes. The cytoplasmic domain of Siglec-7 contains two signaling motifs: a membrane-proximal immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) (Ile435-Gln-Tyr-Ala-Pro-Leu440) and a membrane-distal motif (Asn458-Glu-Tyr-Ser-Glu-Ile463). We report here that,(More)
Alzheimer's beta-secretase (BACE1) cleaves amyloid precursor protein to produce amyloid beta-peptide, which is a crucial initiation process of the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. We previously found that BACE1 also cleaves a membrane-bound sialyltransferase (ST6Gal I). Here we report that, when the protein A-ST6Gal I fusion protein, or ST6Gal I-derived(More)
BACE1 is a membrane-bound aspartic protease that cleaves the amyloid precursor protein (APP) at the beta-secretase site, a critical step in the Alzheimer disease pathogenesis. We previously found that BACE1 also cleaved a membrane-bound sialyltransferase, ST6Gal I. By BACE1 overexpression in COS cells, the secretion of ST6Gal I markedly increased, and the(More)
Deposition of amyloid β (Aβ) in the brain is closely associated with Alzheimer disease (AD). Aβ is generated from amyloid precursor protein (APP) by the actions of β- and γ-secretases. In addition to Aβ deposition in the brain parenchyma, deposition of Aβ in cerebral vessel walls, termed cerebral amyloid angiopathy, is observed in more than 80% of AD(More)
BACKGROUND To date, the different treatment modalities for high-risk prostate cancer (Pca) have not been compared in any sufficiently large-scale, prospective, randomized clinical trial. We used propensity-score matching analysis to compare the oncological outcomes of high-risk prostate cancer between patients treated with radical prostatectomy (RP) and(More)
Expression of sialyl Lewis(a) is known to be increased in cancers of the digestive organs. The determinant serves as a ligand for E-selectin and mediates hematogenous metastasis of cancers. In contrast, disialyl Lewis(a), which has an extra sialic acid attached at the C6-position of penultimate GlcNAc in sialyl Lewis(a), is expressed preferentially on(More)