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Enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) causes diarrhea and hemorrhagic colitis with life-threatening complications, such as hemolytic uremic syndrome. Their major virulence factor is Shiga toxin (Stx), which is encoded by bacteriophages. Of the two types of Stx, the production of Stx2, particularly that of Stx2a (a subtype of Stx2), is a major risk factor for(More)
A previously developed passively operating transmission capable of switching its reduction ratio in response to load torque was further developed into a non-contact load-responsive transmission. The reduction ratio is switched by a non-contact magnetic clutch that responds to the load torque using a passive magnetic mechanism without any accessory(More)
Technical Appendix Technical Appendix Figure. Distribution of the MICs of colistin for the 684 E. coli isolates from diseased swine in Japan between 1991 and 2014. Because the breakpoint MIC of colistin for Enterobacteriaceae has not yet been published by the CLSI (1), isolates with an MIC of ≥4 μg/ml were considered colistin resistant according to the(More)
Escherichia albertii is a recently recognized close relative of Escherichia coli. This emerging enteropathogen possesses a type III secretion system (T3SS) encoded by the locus of enterocyte effacement, similar to enteropathogenic and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EPEC and EHEC). Shiga toxin-producing strains have also been identified. The genomic features of(More)
Rickettsiae are obligate intracellular bacteria that have small genomes as a result of reductive evolution. Many Rickettsia species of the spotted fever group (SFG) cause tick-borne diseases known as "spotted fevers". The life cycle of SFG rickettsiae is closely associated with that of the tick, which is generally thought to act as a bacterial vector and(More)
We report here the draft genome sequences of five rapidly growing Mycobacterium (RGM) species potentially pathogenic to humans, M. thermoresistibile, M. fortuitum subsp. acetamidolyticum, M. canariasense, M. brisbanense, and M. novocastrense As the clinical importance of RGMs is increasingly being recognized worldwide, these sequences would contribute to(More)
Shiga toxin 2 (Stx2), one of the most important virulence factors of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC), is encoded by phages. These phages (Stx2 phages) are often called lambda-like. However, most Stx2 phages are short-tailed, thus belonging to the family Podoviridae, and the functions of many genes, especially those in the late region, are(More)
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