Yasuhiro Gotoh

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Bacteriophages are fascinating genetic elements that play key roles in the evolution and diversification of bacterial genomes. Shiga toxin (Stx)-transducing phages are important genetic elements that disseminate the stx genes among enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC). They are generally regarded as lambda-like phages, but their biological and genetic(More)
Enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) causes diarrhea and hemorrhagic colitis with life-threatening complications, such as hemolytic uremic syndrome. Their major virulence factor is Shiga toxin (Stx), which is encoded by bacteriophages. Of the two types of Stx, the production of Stx2, particularly that of Stx2a (a subtype of Stx2), is a major risk factor for(More)
A previously developed passively operating transmission capable of switching its reduction ratio in response to load torque was further developed into a non-contact load-responsive transmission. The reduction ratio is switched by a non-contact magnetic clutch that responds to the load torque using a passive magnetic mechanism without any accessory(More)
Escherichia albertii is a recently recognized close relative of Escherichia coli. This emerging enteropathogen possesses a type III secretion system (T3SS) encoded by the locus of enterocyte effacement, similar to enteropathogenic and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EPEC and EHEC). Shiga toxin-producing strains have also been identified. The genomic features of(More)
Technical Appendix Technical Appendix Figure. Distribution of the MICs of colistin for the 684 E. coli isolates from diseased swine in Japan between 1991 and 2014. Because the breakpoint MIC of colistin for Enterobacteriaceae has not yet been published by the CLSI (1), isolates with an MIC of ≥4 μg/ml were considered colistin resistant according to the(More)
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) induce attaching and effacing (A/E) lesions in enterocytes and produce the bundle-forming pilus (BFP) contributing to the localized adherence (LA) pattern formation on HeLa cells. Enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC) produce aggregative adherence (AA) on HeLa cells and form prominent biofilms. The ability to produce LA(More)
BACKGROUND The introduction of a guidewire through bile duct strictures may facilitate transpapillary bile duct biopsy and subsequent biliary drainage. METHODS Endoscopic bile duct biopsy was attempted in 61 patients with bile duct strictures. After the introduction of a guidewire into the bile duct, biopsy forceps were inserted via the papilla. Both(More)
EnterotoxigenicEscherichia coli(ETEC) and Shiga toxin-producingE. coli(STEC) are important causes of diarrhea and edema disease in swine. The majority of swine-pathogenicE. colistrains belong to a limited range of O serogroups, including O8, O138, O139, O141, O147, O149, and O157, which are the most frequently reported strains worldwide. However, the(More)