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BACKGROUND A region associated with sensitivity to interferon has been identified in the nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1b. The region spans amino acid residues 2209 to 2248 (NS5A2209-2248) of HCV-J, a strain of HCV-1b whose complete genomic sequence has been identified. We examined whether the NS5A2209-2248 sequence(More)
We have previously demonstrated that sensitivity to interferon is different among hepatitis C virus (HCV) quasispecies simultaneously detected in same individuals and that interferon-resistant HCV quasispecies are selected during the treatment. To determine the genetic basis of their resistance to interferon, HCV genotype-1b was obtained from serum of three(More)
In chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, genotypes other than genotype 1b of HCV (HCV-1b) and low serum HCV-RNA levels are known to be associated with favorable outcome of interferon alfa (IFN-alpha) therapy. In addition, we recently reported a close correlation between the number of mutations in amino acid sequences 2209 to 2248 of the nonstructual(More)
AIM   Hepatic steatosis is linked to development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in non-viral liver disease such as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. The present study aimed to assess whether hepatic steatosis is associated with the development of HCC in chronic hepatitis C. METHODS   We studied a retrospective cohort of 1279 patients with chronic(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hepatitis B virus genotype C (HBV/C) has been classified into two geographically distinct subgenotypes; HBV/C1/Cs (Southeast Asia) and HBV/C2/Ce (East Asia). METHODS Viral differences in enhancer II/core promoter and precore regions between the subgenotypes and their association with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were assessed in a(More)
AIM Real-time tissue elastography (RTE) is a non-invasive method for the measurement of tissue elasticity using ultrasonography. Liver fibrosis (LF) index is a quantitative method for evaluation of liver fibrosis calculated by RTE image features. This study aimed to investigate the significance of LF index for predicting liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS To elucidate whether ribavirin acts as a mutagen in the clinical setting and to clarify the relationship between ribavirin-induced mutations and virological response to combined therapy. METHODS Thirty-four patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1b received ribavirin monotherapy for 4 weeks, followed by a 24-week course of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Pegylated interferon and ribavirin (PEG-IFN/RBV) therapy for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 infection is effective in 50% of patients. Recent studies revealed an association between the IL28B genotype and treatment response. We aimed to develop a model for the pre-treatment prediction of response using host and viral factors.(More)
UNLABELLED An increase in the aging population is an impending problem. A large cohort study was carried out to determine the influence of aging and other factors on hepatocarcinogenesis in patients treated with interferon. Biopsy-proven 2547 chronic hepatitis C patients registered at our referral center since 1992 were included. Of these, 2166 were treated(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection can lead to serious liver diseases, including liver cirrhosis (LC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, about 85-90% of infected individuals become inactive carriers with sustained biochemical remission and very low risk of LC or HCC. To identify host genetic factors contributing to HBV clearance, we conducted(More)