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Previously, we designed an artificial zinc-finger protein (AZP) for blocking a replication protein (Rep) of beet severe curly top virus (BSCTV) from binding to its replication origin and demonstrated that transgenic Arabidopsis plants expressing the AZP are completely resistant to the virus infection. Here we applied the AZP technology to tomato yellow leaf(More)
Previously, we reported that artificial zinc-finger proteins (AZPs) inhibited virus DNA replication in planta and in mammalian cells by blocking binding of a viral replication protein to its replication origin. However, the replication mechanisms of viruses of interest need to be disentangled for the application. To develop more widely applicable methods(More)
Previously, we reported that an artificial zinc-finger protein (AZP)-staphylococcal nuclease (SNase) hybrid (designated AZP-SNase) inhibited DNA replication of human papillomavirus type 18 (HPV-18) in mammalian cells by binding to and cleaving a specific HPV-18 ori plasmid. Although the AZP-SNase did not show any side effects under the experimental(More)
The lipophilic CdSe quantum dot (QD) coated with trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPOQD) can be extracted from chloroform into water upon interaction with macrocyclic glycocluster amphiphile 1. The QD-conjugated and highly fluorescent sugar ball of a size of 15 nm (TOPOQD1) thus solubilized in water readily invades Hela cells via endocytosis. The endocytic(More)
Recently, we demonstrated that plant DNA virus replication was inhibited in planta by using an artificial zinc finger protein (AZP) and created AZP-based transgenic plants resistant to DNA virus infection. Here we apply the AZP technology to the inhibition of replication of a mammalian DNA virus, human papillomavirus type 18 (HPV-18). Two AZPs, designated(More)
We here report a novel example of artificial glycoviral vectors constructed via number- and size-controlled gene (pCMVluc, 7040 bp) coating with micellar glycocluster nanoparticles (GNPs) of calix[4]resorcarene-based macrocyclic glycocluster amphiphiles having eight or five saccharide moieties with terminal alpha-glucose (alpha-Glc), beta-glucose(More)
We report here that unprotected carbohydrates (maltose, lactose, cellobiose, and maltoheptaose) can be attached to the aminoalkylated oligonucleotides under mild reductive-amination conditions (aqueous borate buffer, pH 8.0, NaBH(3)CN, 60 degrees C) without notable side reactions. Quadruplex-forming G-rich oligonucleotide, 5'-aminoalkyl d(TGGGGT), is(More)
A pool of 84-nt RNAs containing a randomized sequence of 50 nt was selected against gel-immobilized Escherichia coli release factor 1 (RF-1) responsible for translation termination at amber (UAG) stop codon. The strongest aptamer (class II-1) obtained from 43 clones bound to RF-1, but not to UAA/UGA-targeting RF-2, with Kd = 30+/-6 nM (SPR). A couple of(More)
We have designed a strategy to generate a light-up fluorophore-aptamer pair based on a down-modification of a conventional DNA-staining dye to suppress its affinity to the original dsDNA targets, followed by reselection of aptamers that would bind to the modified dye. Following this line, we prepared a micropolarity-sensitive Hoechst derivative possessing(More)
Previously we demonstrated that inhibition of replication-associated protein (Rep) binding to its replication origin by artificial zinc-finger proteins (AZPs) is a powerful method to prevent plant virus infection in vivo. In the present study, we applied the AZP technology to Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV), which is a limiting factor in tomato(More)