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BACKGROUND The prognostic impact of nutritional status is poorly understood in asymptomatic patients with structural and/or functional heart diseases, classified as stage B in the ESC/AHA/ACC chronic heart failure (HF) guidelines. METHODS AND RESULTS We evaluated the impact of nutrition, using the controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score, calculated(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the role of the cardiovascular-restricted, hairy-related bHLH transcription factor, CHF1/Hey2, in the biological response to vascular injury. METHODS AND RESULTS We investigated the response of CHF1/Hey2-deficient mice to vascular injury in vivo and the response of primary cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from these(More)
Myocardial infarction (MI) occurs as the result of complex interactions of multiple genetic and environmental factors. By conducting a genome wide association study in a Japanese population using 210,785 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers, we identified a novel susceptible locus for MI on chromosome 5p15.3. An SNP (rs11748327) in this locus showed(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), depressive symptoms increase the risk for cardiac events. Recently, the S allele of the serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene-linked polymorphic region was shown to reduce transcription of this gene and thus reduce serotonin reuptake, and this allele is linked with depressive symptoms as well as(More)
Heart failure (HF) is an epidemic in healthcare worldwide, including Asia. It appears that HF will become more serious in the near future, with the epidemiological transition and ageing of the population. However, in contrast to Western countries, information on HF epidemiology is still limited in Asia, particularly in South Asia. In this review, we will(More)
Ventricular septal defects are common in human infants, but the genetic programs that control ventricular septation are poorly understood. Here we report that mice with a targeted disruption of the cardiovascular basic helix-loop-helix factor (CHF)1Hey2 gene show isolated ventricular septal defects. These defects result primarily in failure to thrive. Mice(More)
CHF1/Hey2 null mice generated in different laboratories have discrepant cardiovascular phenotypes. To determine the effect of genetic background on phenotype, we backcrossed our knockout strain more than eight generations to the inbred strains BALB/c and C57BL/6. Knockout mice on these backgrounds showed disparate phenotypes. Mice on both backgrounds(More)
Heart failure (HF) is a global epidemic in health care and a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. In Asian countries, causes of mortality and morbidity have shifted or have been shifting from infectious diseases and/or nutritional deficiencies to lifestyle-related diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, cancers and diabetes, in conjunction(More)
RATIONALE Despite a recent decline of in-hospital mortality attributable to acute myocardial infarction (AMI), the incidence of ischemic heart failure (HF) in post-AMI patients is increasing. Although various microRNAs have been proposed as diagnostic indicators for AMI, no microRNAs have been established as predictors of ischemic HF that develops after(More)
OBJECTIVES Chromosome 9p21 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) is a susceptibility variant for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the primary prevention setting. However, it is controversial whether this SNP is also associated with recurrent myocardial infarction (ReMI) in the secondary prevention setting. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the(More)