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Autoimmune fatigue syndrome (AIFS) is characterized by chronic nonspecific complaints, consistently positive antinuclear antibodies (ANA), and lack of alternate medical explanations. A newly recognized antibody, named anti-Sa, was detected in approximately 40% of the patients by Western blot (WB) using HeLa extract. Some patients with AIFS later develop(More)
Primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a rare autoimmune disease, especially in children. Juvenile primary SS with interstitial nephritis is rare in Japan. We report on a 12-year-old girl in whom salivary gland swelling had recurred from the age of 5 years, SS was diagnosed at the age of 10 years, and interstitial nephritis developed at the age of 12 years. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) in patients with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA) undergoing tocilizumab (TCZ) treatment, and to confirm laboratory marker changes and responses to treatment in patients with MAS receiving TCZ. METHODS In Japan, 394 patients with sJIA were registered in an all-patient registry(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and safety of adalimumab in patients with polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) in Japan. Patients aged 4 to 17 years were enrolled in a single-arm, open-label, multicentre study of adalimumab. Patients weighing <30 kg received 20 mg every other week (eow), and those ≥30(More)
AIMS We evaluated the systolic and diastolic functions of both ventricles from the early neonatal period to adolescence using color tissue Doppler imaging and 2-dimensional tissue tracking echocardiography. METHODS We examined 100 healthy children (aged 1-5 days, n = 20; 1 month, n = 20; 1 year, n = 20; 6-7 years, n = 20; and 12-13 years, n = 20). Blood(More)
Etanercept is a dimeric fusion protein consisting of the extracellular domain of human tumor necrosis factor receptor II (TNFR II, molecular weight 75 kDa) coupled to the Fc region of human immunoglobulin (IgG1). It is produced by recombinant DNA technology by first introducing the gene into Chinese hamster ovarian cells and then purifying the protein from(More)
C1q deficiency is a rare complement deficiency in the early part of the complement cascade. Patients with C1q deficiency have severe recurring life-threatening infections and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-like symptoms. We report on a boy with recurrent life-threatening infections and SLE-like recurrent skin conditions before 2 years of age.(More)
Medical care for rheumatic disease in children has been supported by advances in rheumatology. In the past few years and based on knowledge about cytokines, particularly marked advances have been made in treatments using biological products. The fact that patients showed a marked response to treatment with biological products also provided uniform(More)
Methotrexate (MTX), the primary treatment for the articular-type juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), is effective and brings about radiological improvement. Patient compliance is good, and it is recognized that its known side effects, namely, disruption of liver function and induction of pulmonary lesions, are unlikely to be severe at the low MTX doses(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of tocilizumab (TCZ) in patients with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA) in real-world clinical settings in Japan. METHODS Paediatric patients with sJIA initiating TCZ between April 2008 and February 2012 and those previously enrolled in clinical trials who initiated TCZ before April 2008 were(More)