Yasuhiko Hayashi

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Roquefortine, a cyclopeptide derived from the diketopiperazine cyclo(Trp-dehydroHis), is a secondary metabolite produced by several Penicillium species. It has been reported to cause neurotoxic effect and to inhibit Gram-positive bacteria growth. The mechanisms responsible for its toxicity and metabolism are still unknown. In this study, we investigated the(More)
Glioblastoma multiformes (GBMs) express increased aquaporin (AQP) 1 compared to normal brain. AQPs may contribute to edema, cell motility, and shuttling of H(2)O and H(+) from intracellular to extracellular space. We sought to gain insight into AQP1 function in GBM. In cultured 9L gliosarcoma cells, AQP1 expression was induced by dexamethasone,(More)
High-grade (World Health Organization grades II and III) meningiomas grow aggressively and recur frequently, resulting in a poor prognosis. Assessment of tumor malignancy before treatment initiation is important. We attempted to determine predictive factors for high-grade meningioma on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging before surgery. We reviewed 65(More)
We studied the metabolism of testosterone in primary cultures of prostate epithelial cells and fibroblasts obtained from patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The conversion of 3H-testosterone in both cell cultures was predominantly to the oxidative pathway, with the formation of 3H-androstenedione increasing with cell number and time of(More)
OBJECTIVES Hemangiopericytomas (HPCs) are rare neoplasms with relatively high rates of recurrence and extracranial metastasis. Though the differential diagnoses from angiomatous meningiomas and from solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are both important, the latter diagnosis is somewhat more important in light of the benign prognosis of SFTs and the difficulties(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate in vitro cytotoxicity and oxidative stress response induced by multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). METHODS Cultured macrophages (murine RAW264.7 cells) and alveolar epithelium cells type II (human A549 lung cells) were exposed to the blank control, DNA salt control, and the MWCNTs suspensions at 2.5, 10, 25, and 100 μg/mL for(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive lipid that signals through a family of G protein-coupled receptors consisting of 5 members termed S1P(1-5), and it regulates cellular proliferation, migration and survival. We investigated the expression and role of S1P receptors in glioma. Human glioma expressed S1P(1), S1P(2), S1P(3), and S1P(5) by quantitative(More)
A 55-year-old man was admitted to our hospital complaining of left hemiparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a smooth ring-like enhanced cystic tumor in the right parietal lobe. He underwent gross total resection of the tumor under neuronavigation and 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) fluorescence guiding method. Histopathological examination of the(More)
A retro-odontoid pseudotumor (ROP) is commonly associated with atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS). Here, we report a patient with ROP but without AAS. The patient was a 72-year-old man who did not have a history of rheumatoid arthritis or trauma to the head and neck. The patient was admitted to our hospital with gait disturbance, progressive motor weakness in(More)