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OBJECTIVES Hemangiopericytomas (HPCs) are rare neoplasms with relatively high rates of recurrence and extracranial metastasis. Though the differential diagnoses from angiomatous meningiomas and from solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are both important, the latter diagnosis is somewhat more important in light of the benign prognosis of SFTs and the difficulties(More)
High-grade (World Health Organization grades II and III) meningiomas grow aggressively and recur frequently, resulting in a poor prognosis. Assessment of tumor malignancy before treatment initiation is important. We attempted to determine predictive factors for high-grade meningioma on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging before surgery. We reviewed 65(More)
Roquefortine, a cyclopeptide derived from the diketopiperazine cyclo(Trp-dehydroHis), is a secondary metabolite produced by several Penicillium species. It has been reported to cause neurotoxic effect and to inhibit Gram-positive bacteria growth. The mechanisms responsible for its toxicity and metabolism are still unknown. In this study, we investigated the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate in vitro cytotoxicity and oxidative stress response induced by multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). METHODS Cultured macrophages (murine RAW264.7 cells) and alveolar epithelium cells type II (human A549 lung cells) were exposed to the blank control, DNA salt control, and the MWCNTs suspensions at 2.5, 10, 25, and 100 μg/mL for(More)
A retro-odontoid pseudotumor (ROP) is commonly associated with atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS). Here, we report a patient with ROP but without AAS. The patient was a 72-year-old man who did not have a history of rheumatoid arthritis or trauma to the head and neck. The patient was admitted to our hospital with gait disturbance, progressive motor weakness in(More)
Glioblastoma multiformes (GBMs) express increased aquaporin (AQP) 1 compared to normal brain. AQPs may contribute to edema, cell motility, and shuttling of H(2)O and H(+) from intracellular to extracellular space. We sought to gain insight into AQP1 function in GBM. In cultured 9L gliosarcoma cells, AQP1 expression was induced by dexamethasone,(More)
OBJECT Fluorescence-guided surgery using 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) has been broadly recognized as a beneficial tool for the resection of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Fluorescence in the ventricular walls, which were apparently free of macroscopic tumor or MR imaging enhancement indicative of CSF dissemination, was detected during surgery for GBM. To(More)
Although there are many reports on the clinical use of the MIB-1 labeling index (LI), which is a measure of proliferative activity in astrocytomas; its significance varies between studies. There are no known molecules that are directly linked to the MIB-1 LI in astrocytomas. We evaluated the clinical value of the MIB-1 LI in our human glioblastoma cases and(More)
A 5-year-old male presented with scrotal migration of the catheter from a ventriculoperitoneal shunt manifesting as left scrotal swelling 4 months after implantation. Surgical obliteration of the patent peritoneal processus vaginalis that forms a corridor from the peritoneum to the scrotum was performed to avoid shunt malfunction. Review of the 26 reported(More)