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The genetic and serological characteristics of Escherichia coli isolates from patients with uncomplicated cystitis (UC), complicated cystitis (CC), and complicated asymptomatic bacteriuria (CASB) were determined. Phylogenetic group B2 was predominant in all categories. The prevalences of 14 out of 18 virulence factor genes were similar among the three(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the relationship between catheter-colonizing bacteria and urinary planktonic bacteria. The significance of catheter-colonizing bacteria for the pathogenesis of urinary tract infection remains unclear, although they are involved in the development of catheter-associated urinary tract infection refractory to antimicrobial chemotherapy.(More)
In radical cystectomy (RC), surgical-site infection (SSI) remains one of the most frustrating postoperative complications. Only a few reports have assessed SSI after RC according to the guideline authorized by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC guideline). In this study, using the guideline, we assessed the incidence, causative organisms,(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to assess the usability and efficacy of our new protocol of prophylactic antibiotic use to prevent perioperative infection in urological surgery. METHODS We prospectively investigated 339 cases of typical urological surgery in our department between April 2001 and March 2002 (group I). We classified surgical(More)
The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence rates of asymptomatic sexually transmitted infections (STI) in young men in Sapporo, Japan. A survey of 204 healthy male volunteers was conducted. First-voided urine specimens were used for detection of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae with polymerase chain reaction assay, and cotton swab(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the clinical impact on progression and recurrence according to presence and absence of a muscle layer, we conducted a retrospective, multicenter study. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed 247 patients who received transurethral resection (TUR) of bladder tumors and were pathologically diagnosed as having T1G3 bladder cancer from 1990(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the surgical invasiveness of laparoscopic adrenalectomy with that of open surgery when the invasiveness is evaluated by the incidence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). METHODS Patients who underwent open adrenalectomy (35 patients) and those who underwent transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy (35 patients) were(More)
BACKGROUND The roles of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and Mycoplasma in prostate inflammation remain unclear. We investigated whether Mycoplasma induced inflammatory cytokine secretion through TLR2-mediated mechanism in prostate cancer cell line. METHODS Cell surface expression of TLR2 on PC-3 cells were examined by flowcytometry. PC-3 cells were stimulated(More)
OBJECTIVES Radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) and radical cystectomy (RCx) are well tolerated and widely performed. Because intraoperative blood loss is one of the most common problems, we performed acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) to prevent allogenic blood transfusion (ABT). In this study we tried to clarify the safety, effectiveness and problems(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the pharmacokinetics of gemcitabine and its metabolite in two male patients (52 and 56-year-old) with advanced urothelial cancer receiving hemodialysis three times a week. METHODS Gemcitabine, 1000 mg/m(2) in 100 ml of saline, was intravenously administered for 30 min. The concentration of gemcitabine and its metabolite(More)