Yasue Kimura

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Akt/PKB is a serine/threonine kinase that plays an important role in survival when cells are exposed to different apoptotic stimuli. Aberrant activation of Akt/PKB in breast carcinoma is associated with poor prognosis and resistance to endocrine therapy and chemotherapy. The Akt signaling pathway currently attracts considerable attention as a new target for(More)
BACKGROUND The expression of panendothelial markers (eg, CD34, CD31, and factor VIII) is not always observed in angiogenic vessels, and such markers are not useful for measuring angiogenesis. In contrast, CD105 is preferentially expressed in angiogenic vessels and thus may be valuable for measuring angiogenesis. We hypothesized that microvessel(More)
In this retrospective study, the relationship between Akt activation and the efficacy of endocrine therapy for metastatic breast cancer was investigated. Thirty-six metastatic breast cancer patients, treated with endocrine therapy, were evaluated for the activation of Akt by an immunohistochemical assessment of the expression of phosphorylated Akt at Ser(More)
Metachronous gastric carcinoma arising in a gastric tube used for esophageal reconstruction has been occasionally encountered in long-term survivors of esophageal cancer. This study investigated 10 cases of gastric tube cancer in order to clarify the characteristics and the outcome of these patients. Four hundred and seventy-one patients underwent a radical(More)
BACKGROUND HER2 testing in gastric cancer differs from testing in breast cancer because of inherent differences in tumor biology; gastric cancer more frequently shows HER2 heterogeneity and incomplete membrane staining. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the frequency and accuracy of detection of HER2 expression by application of standard criteria(More)
Recently, a common somatic mutation, A-to-G transition at nucleotide 908, in the estrogen receptor-α (ERα) gene has been reported. This mutation causes an amino acid change in the ER hinge domain (lysine 303 to arginine, K303R) and confers an increased sensitivity to estrogen and an increased cellular proliferative potential. This mutation has been observed(More)
Recently, a common somatic mutation, A-to-G transition at nucleotide 908, in the estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) gene has been reported. This mutation causes an amino acid change in the ER hinge domain (lysine 303 to arginine, K303R) and confers an increased sensitivity to estrogen and an increased cellular proliferative potential. This mutation has been(More)
Akt is a serine/threonine kinase that has been demonstrated to play an important role in survival when cells are exposed to different apoptotic stimuli. Recent studies show that aberrant activation of Akt in breast carcinoma is associated with a poor prognosis and resistance to endocrine therapy and chemotherapy. The Akt signaling pathway is currently(More)
Squamous epithelial dysplasia is frequently encountered in the cancerous esophagus. However, its biological and clinical significance have not yet been fully elucidated. Investigations in squamous cell dysplasia of the esophagus have been performed to date in our department. We consider dysplasia to be the earliest malignancy of the esophagus based on such(More)