Learn More
The expression of four transcription factors (OCT3/4, SOX2, KLF4, and MYC) can reprogram mouse as well as human somatic cells to induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. We generated iPS cells from mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) derived from human third molars (wisdom teeth) by retroviral transduction of OCT3/4, SOX2, and KLF4 without MYC, which is(More)
Only a few cases of exclusive translation initiation at non-AUG codons have been reported. We recently demonstrated that mammalian NAT1 mRNA, encoded by EIF4G2, uses GUG as its only translation initiation codon. In this study, we identified NAT1 orthologs from chicken, Xenopus, and zebrafish and found that in all species, the GUG codon also serves as the(More)
Patients with severe hypophosphatasia (HPP) develop osteogenic impairment with extremely low alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, resulting in a fatal course during infancy. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiate into various mesenchymal lineages, including bone and cartilage. The efficacy of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for(More)
Human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) are ubiquitous, plentiful, and easily/safely obtainable cells derived from adipose tissue, regardless of the age and sex of the donor. However, the hASCs have limited proliferative and differentiation capabilities. In this study, we examined whether induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) could be generated from(More)
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMSCs) have been used clinically for tissue regeneration; however, their proliferation/differentiation potentials are limited. Recently, induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), known to have nearly unlimited potential to proliferate and differentiate into(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are adult stem cells which show differentiation capabilities toward various cell lineages. We have already used MSCs for treatments of osteoarthritis, bone necrosis and bone tumor. For this purpose, culture expanded MSCs were combined with various ceramics and then implanted. Because of rejection response to allogeneic MSC(More)
  • 1