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Excessive accumulation of triacylglycerol in peripheral tissues is tightly associated with obesity and has been identified as an independent risk factor for insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular complications. Here we show that ablation of carboxylesterase 3 (Ces3)/triacylglycerol hydrolase (TGH) expression in mice (Tgh(-/-)) results in(More)
Hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) contributes importantly to the mobilization of fatty acids in adipocytes and shows a substrate preference for the diacylglycerols (DAGs) originating from triacylglycerols. To determine whether HSL shows any stereopreference during the hydrolysis of diacylglycerols, racemic 1,2(2,3)-sn-diolein was used as a substrate and the(More)
In a culture medium, the Rhizopus oryzae strain produces only one form of lipase, ROL32. When the concentrated culture medium was stored at 0 degrees C during several months or kept at 6 degrees C during a few days, we noticed the appearance of a second shorter form of ROL32 lacking its N-terminal 28 amino acid (ROL29). ROL29 was purified to homogeneity and(More)
Hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) is thought to contribute importantly to the mobilization of fatty acids from the triacylglycerols (TAGs) stored in adipocytes, providing the main source of energy in mammals. To investigate the HSL substrate specificity more closely, we systematically assessed the lipolytic activity of recombinant human HSL on solutions and(More)
Crab digestive phospholipase (CDPL) was purified from the hepatopancreas of Carcinus mediterraneus crabs. Homogeneous enzyme was obtained after two chromatography steps: anion exchange and size exclusion HPLC column. Homogeneous CDPL has a molecular mass of 14 kDa as determined by SDS/PAGE analysis. Unlike known digestive phospholipases like porcine PLA(2)(More)
Chicken pancreatic phospholipase A(2) (ChPLA(2)) was purified from delipidated pancreases using ammonium sulfate and ethanol precipitation, followed by sequential column chromatography steps on MonoQ Sepharose and size exclusion HPLC columns. ChPLA(2) was found to be a nonglycosylated monomeric protein with a molecular mass of 14 kDa and a specific activity(More)
Phospholipase D (PLD) is one of the main enzymes involved in signal transduction, vesicle trafficking and membrane metabolism processes. Here we describe the heterologous high-yield expression in the yeast Pichia pastoris, one-step purification and characterization of catalytically active PLDalpha from cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp). Immunoblotting(More)
Recombinant DNA methods are being widely used to express proteins in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells for both fundamental and applied research purposes. Expressed protein must be well characterized to be sure that it retains the same properties as the native one, especially when expressed protein will be used in the pharmaceutical field. In this aim,(More)
The recent finding that p-nitrobenzofurazan (NBD)-FA is incorporated into and released from the acylglycerols of isolated rat adipocytes in an insulin-sensitive manner [G. Muller, H. Jordan, C. Jung, H. Kleine, and S. Petry. 2003. Biochimie. 85: 1245-1246] suggests that NBD-FA-labeled acylglycerols are cleaved by rat adipocyte hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL)(More)
Infectious bronchitis is one of the most important diseases in poultry and it causes major economic losses. Infectious bronchitis is an acute, highly contagious, viral disease of chickens, characterized by rales, coughing, and sneezing. Because secreted phospholipases A2 (sPLA2) are involved in inflammatory processes, the gene expressions of sPLA2s were(More)