Yassin Aweis Jeilani

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We report the first positive chemical ionization (PCI) fragmentation mechanisms of phthalates using triple-quadrupole mass spectrometry and ab initio computational studies using density functional theories (DFT). Methane PCI spectra showed abundant [M + H](+), together with [M + C(2)H(5)](+) and [M + C(3)H(5)](+). Fragmentation of [M + H](+), [M +(More)
A sequential anaerobic–aerobic biodegradation of hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) was studied. The results demonstrated that: (i) a complete degradation of RDX was achieved within 20 days using a consortium of bacteria from a wastewater activated sludge, (ii) RDX degradation did not occur under aerobic conditions alone, (iii) RDX-degrading(More)
Modeling the complicated chemical reactions in the interstellar medium and surface materials of Titan is nontrivial. Since both the atmosphere and the surface are rich in organic molecules, the chemistry may have important implications for the origin of biomolecules. Prebiotic synthesis of DNA nucleobases from simple molecules such as formamide has been(More)
RATIONALE Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) is an explosive compound that finds a wide range of military and civilian applications. RDX has been a target in environmental matrices by gas chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (GC/MS/MS). MS/MS in negative chemical ionization (NCI) mode of RDX provides important fragmentation patterns that are(More)
The reaction pathways for the prebiotic formation of nucleobases are complex and lead to the formation of a mixture of products. In the past 50 years, there has been a concerted effort for identifying a unified mechanism for the abiotic origin of the biomolecules but with little success. In the present theoretical study, we identified two prominent(More)
Fragmentation mechanisms of estradiol and trimethylsilyl (TMS)-derivatized estradiol were studied by triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (MSMS) and density functional theory (DFT) at B3LYP/6-311G(d,p) level. Collision induced dissociations (CID) of estradiol give product ions that are associated with the cleavage of B, C and D rings. Characteristic(More)
The prebiotic formation of nucleobases, the building blocks of RNA/DNA, is of current interest. Highly reactive radical species present in the atmosphere under irradiation have been suggested to be involved in the prebiotic synthesis of nucleobases from formamide (FM). We studied several free radical reaction pathways for the synthesis of pyrimidine bases(More)
Prebiotic building blocks for the formation of biomolecules are important in understanding the abiotic origin of biomolecules. However, there is a limited choice of the building blocks as precursors for the biomolecules. Acetylene (HCCH) is found in Titan's atmosphere and is an abiotic-precursor of pyrimidine bases. HCCH reacts with urea to form both(More)
The fragmentation mechanisms of progesterone have been studied by triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (MSMS) and density functional theory (DFT). Mechanisms leading to major product ions are proposed. The data suggest that progesterone fragments preferentially via hydrogen and other rearrangements lead to neutral losses. These fragmentations are(More)
This is the first ab initio study of the energetics of the fragmentation mechanisms of phthalate, by mass spectrometry, leading to protonated phthalic anhydride (m/z 149). Phthalates fragment by two major pathways; namely, the McLafferty + 1 rearrangement and the loss of alkoxy. Both pathways involve a carbonyl oxygen attack to the ortho-carbonyl carbon(More)
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