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Only a small fraction of individuals infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis develop clinical tuberculosis (TB) in their lifetime. Genetic epidemiological evidence suggests a genetic determinism of pulmonary TB (PTB), but the molecular basis of genetic predisposition to PTB remains largely unknown. We used a positional-cloning approach to carry out(More)
BACKGROUND Only a minority of individuals infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis develop clinical tuberculosis. Genetic epidemiological evidence suggests that pulmonary tuberculosis has a strong human genetic component. Previous genetic findings in Mendelian predisposition to more severe mycobacterial infections, including by M. tuberculosis, underlined(More)
Although epidemiological evidence suggests a human genetic basis of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) susceptibility, the identification of specific genes and alleles influencing PTB risk has proven to be difficult. Previous genome-wide association (GWA) studies have identified only three novel loci with modest effect sizes in sub-Saharan African and Russian(More)
Behcet syndrome is a systemic disease with venous tropism, generally expressed by thrombosis and phlebitis. Arterial involvement is more exceptional but can lead to aneurysm of the pulmonary artery, generally not more than three. We report a patient with Behcet syndrome who developed multiple aneurysms of the pulmonary artery and discuss the clinical,(More)
INTRODUCTION Primary biliary cirrhosis is a hepatic auto-immune disease which is rarely associated with respiratory complications. CASE REPORT A 40-year-old woman had a 5-year history of primary biliary cirrhosis. Two years previously, she had begun to experience a chronic cough and dyspnea. On clinical examination, the patient had fever, jaundice and(More)
Sarcoidosis manifestations in the upper airways and pleura are exceptional, observed in 5% and 1% of cases. We report an exceptional observation of an association of these two localizations in addition to mediastinopulmonary involvement. After confirmation of the diagnosis obtained on bronchial biopsies and nasal mucosa biopsies, pleural sarcoidosis was(More)
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