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To apply semiotics to organisational analysis and information systems design, it is essential to unite two basic concepts: the sign and the norm. A sign is anything that stands for something else for some community. A norm is a generalised disposition to the world shared by members of a community. When its condition is met, a norm generates a propositional(More)
The recent spread of communicable diseases like swine flu, disasters like stampedes and ongoing security issues have made management of large crowded events more critical than ever before. Managing large crowds is a very complex, challenging and costly exercise. Many of the problems encountered in crowd management can be minimized by the use of RFID and(More)
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