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Single particle trajectories are investigated assuming the coexistence of two subdiffusive processes: diffusion on a fractal structure modeling spatial constraints on motion and heavy-tailed continuous time random walks representing energetic or chemical traps. The particles' mean squared displacement is found to depend on the way the mean is taken:(More)
Predicting the function of a protein from its sequence is a long-standing goal of bioinformatic research. While sequence similarity is the most popular tool used for this purpose, sequence motifs may also subserve this goal. Here we develop a motif-based method consisting of applying an unsupervised motif extraction algorithm (MEX) to all enzyme sequences,(More)
In this short review we focus on the role of noise in gravitropism of plants - the reorientation of plants according to the direction of gravity. We briefly introduce the conventional picture of static gravisensing in cells specialized in sensing. This model hinges on the sedimentation of statoliths (high in density and mass relative to other organelles) to(More)
Experiments on particle motion show that it is often subdiffusive. This subdiffusion may be due to trapping, percolationlike structures, or viscoelastic behavior of the medium. While the models based on trapping (leading to continuous-time random walks) can easily be distinguished from the rest by testing their nonergodicity, the latter two cases are harder(More)
Neuromimetic devices—artificial electronics that mimic the brain's neurons—could be used to study how the brain works or to design circuits that borrow from the brain's computing ability. Such devices emulate neurons and the synapses between them with voltage­driven circuits that exchange signals in a connected network. But conventional circuits cannot(More)
It is the common lore to assume that knowing the equation for the probability distribution function (PDF) of a stochastic model as a function of time tells the whole picture defining all other characteristics of the model. We show that this is not the case by comparing two exactly solvable models of anomalous diffusion due to geometric constraints: the comb(More)
The distribution of the first passage times (FPT) of a one-dimensional random walker to a target site follows a power law F(t)~t(-3/2). We generalize this result to another situation pertinent to compact exploration and consider the FPT of a random walker with specific source and target points on an infinite fractal structure with spectral dimension d(s)<2.(More)
We perform extensive MD simulations of two-dimensional systems of hard disks, focusing on the collisional statistical properties. We analyze the distribution functions of velocity, free flight time, and free path length for packing fractions ranging from the fluid to the solid phase. The behaviors of the mean free flight time and path length between(More)