Yasmin H. Neggers

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BACKGROUND The influence of psychosocial factors such as stress, anxiety, depression, and self-esteem on birth weight is controversial. A prospective study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between pregnancy outcomes, psychosocial profile, and maternal health practices. METHODS 3,149 low-income, predominantly African-American pregnant women(More)
BACKGROUND In a prospective study, the association between maternal nutritional status and psychomotor development of low-income African-American children was evaluated. We hypothesized that low maternal body mass index (BMI) would predict worse neurodevelopmental status in children, while higher maternal BMIs would be associated with better(More)
The in vivo effects of gavage administration of the synthetic, functional biomimetic cation [Cr3O(O2CCH2CH3)6(H2O)3]+ to healthy and type 2 diabetic model rats are described. After 24 weeks of treatment (0–1,000 μg Cr/kg body mass) of healthy Sprague Dawley rats, the cation results in a lowering (P<0.05) of fasting blood plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL)(More)
A study was conducted on a cohort of 476 women (364 black, 112 white), who attended the Jefferson County Health Department clinic for their prenatal care, to ascertain the relationship between maternal serum zinc concentration measured early in pregnancy and birth weight. For all subjects maternal serum zinc was significantly related to birth weight after(More)
BACKGROUND Domestic violence is increasingly recognized as a potentially modifiable risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes. This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between abuse during pregnancy or within the last year and low birth weight and preterm birth. METHODS From 1997 to 2001, 3149 low income, relatively low-risk pregnant women(More)
The frequency of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) diagnoses has been increasing for decades, but researchers cannot agree on whether the trend is a result of increased awareness, improved detection, expanding definition, or an actual increase in incidence or a combination of these factors. Though both genetic and multiple environmental risk factors have been(More)
OBJECTIVE Plasma ferritin is considered the best measure of total body iron, with low levels diagnostic of iron deficiency. High levels have been associated with inflammation and infection. We determined the relationship between plasma ferritin, birth weight, and preterm delivery. STUDY DESIGN Plasma ferritin and hematocrit values were measured at 19, 26,(More)
This study examined effects of heat exposure with and without dehydration on repeated anaerobic cycling. Males (n = 10) completed 3 trials: control (CT), water-bath heat exposure (∼39°C) to 3% dehydration (with fluid replacement) (HE), and similar heat exposure to 3% dehydration (DEHY). Hematocrit increased significantly from pre to postheat immersion in(More)
A low prepregnancy body mass index is one of strongest predictors of adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm birth and fetal growth retardation. A low body mass interacts with other risk factors such as smoking and stress to increase risk of these outcomes, whereas zinc supplementation and low-dose aspirin increase birth weight in thin but not(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether zinc supplementation during pregnancy is associated with an increase in birth weight. DESIGN A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. SETTING Outpatient clinic and delivery service at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. PATIENTS Five hundred eighty medically indigent but otherwise healthy African-American(More)