Yasmin E von Schirnding

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Epidemiological studies have indicated that in the 1980s and early 1990s (a period in which petrol lead concentrations in South Africa ranged from 0.836 to 0.4 g/L), large proportions of urban South African children were at risk of excessive exposure to environmental lead. In 1991, when the maximum permissible petrol lead concentration in the country(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine blood lead levels among children attending schools in selected Cape Peninsula suburbs, and to assess the impact of a reduction in the lead content of petrol. DESIGN A cross-sectional analytical study of children's blood lead levels and associated risk factors. SETTING Selected inner city, suburban, and peri-urban schools in the(More)
Little is known about childhood lead absorption in South Africa. In this study a cross-sectional analytic survey was carried out to determine the blood lead levels and associated risk factors for inner-city, first-grade schoolchildren. Blood lead analyses, hematological and anthropometric measurements were conducted, and a pretested questionnaire was(More)
This article describes the actions among urban environmental, management, and development planners in Greater Johannesburg, South Africa. Initiatives, such as the Healthy Cities Project and Model Communities, are being integrated into an environmental management and development approach that attains the goals of Agenda 21. Greater Johannesburg has housing(More)
As the first phase of a major programme to develop epidemiologically derived recreational water quality criteria for South Africa, a preliminary epidemiological-microbiological study was conducted in Cape Town during February and March 1990. Serial trials were carried out at a clean and at a relatively polluted beach over weekends. Participants were(More)
The impact of environmental risk factors associated with housing was examined in relation to diarrhoeal disease and acute respiratory symptoms in South African coloured children. A multistage cluster sample representative of all coloured people living in the major urban and peri-urban areas of South Africa was used for the study. Interviews were conducted(More)
Compared with other major preventable childhood diseases, such as diarrhoea, acute respiratory infections (ARI) have received comparatively little attention as an important cause of death in children. In this study of mortality from ARI in South Africa, national data was examined for the period 1968-1985, and data for Greater Cape Town for 1987. Almost 90%(More)
UNLABELLED A feasibility study was undertaken to assess the suitability of South African rural villages due to be electrified, for the purposes of undertaking a large-scale study of the impact of reductions in indoor air pollution on acute lower respiratory infections. As part of the feasibility study, quantitative assessments of indoor air pollution in(More)