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PURPOSE The purpose of this study was twofold: 1) to evaluate the effectiveness of a school-based physical activity intervention, Action Schools! BC (AS! BC), for maintaining academic performance in a multiethnic group of elementary children, and 2) to determine whether boys and girls' academic performance changed similarly after participation in AS! BC. (More)
OBJECTIVES To primarily ascertain the effect of the Otago Exercise Program (OEP) on physiological falls risk, functional mobility, and executive functioning after 6 months in older adults with a recent history of falls and to ascertain the effect of the OEP on falls during a 1-year follow-up period. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. SETTING Dedicated(More)
BACKGROUND Inter-individual differences in cortical bone volumetric density (CoD), such as those related to sex, are a product of differences in remodelling rates. While cortical bone is often treated as a uniform tissue, remodelling rates also vary within individual bones. This level of adaptation has largely been overlooked in analyses of peripheral(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the accuracy of perceived postural limits between older fallers with good working memory and those with poor working memory. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Thirty-three community-dwelling older adults with a history of falls. INTERVENTIONS Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES We(More)
BACKGROUND Physical therapists are well established as providers of treatments for common, painful, and disabling conditions, such as knee osteoarthritis (OA). Thus, they are well placed to deliver treatments that integrate physical and psychosocial elements. Attention is usually given to outcomes of such programs, but few studies have examined the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether a 12-week physical therapist-delivered combined pain coping skills training (PCST) and exercise (PCST/exercise) is more efficacious and cost effective than either treatment alone for knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS This was an assessor-blinded, 3-arm randomized controlled trial in 222 people (73 PCST/exercise, 75(More)
BACKGROUND Multimorbidity in heart failure (HF), defined as HF of any aetiology and multiple concurrent conditions that require active management, represents an emerging problem within the ageing HF patient population worldwide. METHODS To inform this position paper, we performed: 1) an initial review of the literature identifying the ten most common(More)
BACKGROUND Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is associated with a number of physical and psychological impairments. Unfortunately, very few treatment strategies are capable of addressing both types of impairments concurrently. We performed a pilot, randomized controlled, proof of principle trial investigating the feasibility and effects of an intervention(More)
We revisit Stanley Garn's theory related to sex differences in endocortical and periosteal apposition during adolescence using a 12-year mixed longitudinal study design. We used peripheral quantitative computed tomography to examine bone parameters in 230 participants (110 boys, 120 girls; aged 11.0 years at baseline). We assessed total (Tt.Ar, mm(2)),(More)
BACKGROUND We sought to determine the overall impact of a nurse-led, multidisciplinary home-based intervention (HBI) adapted to hospitalized patients with chronic forms of heart disease of varying types. METHODS AND RESULTS Prospectively planned, combined, secondary analysis of 3 randomized trials (1226 patients) of HBI were compared with standard(More)