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Babesia spp. are tick-borne, intraerythrocytic hemoparasites that use antigenic variation to resist host immunity, through sequential modification of the parasite-derived variant erythrocyte surface antigen (VESA) expressed on the infected red blood cell surface. We identified the genomic processes driving antigenic diversity in genes encoding VESA (ves1)(More)
Autoantibody-mediated diseases are clinically heterogeneous and often fail conventional therapeutic strategies. Gene expression profiling has helped to identify new molecular pathways in these diseases, although their potential as treatment targets largely remains to be functionally validated. Based on weighted gene co-expression network analysis, we(More)
The experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system commonly used to study multiple sclerosis (MS). We combined clinical EAE phenotypes with genome-wide expression profiling in spleens from 150 backcross rats between susceptible DA and resistant PVG rat strains during the chronic EAE phase. This enabled(More)
Cytokines are key regulators of physiological inflammatory responses, while aberrant cytokine expression contributes to pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. We noted increased IL-6 levels in human and murine epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA), a prototypic organ-specific autoimmune bullous dermatoses (AIBD) induced by autoantibodies to type VII collagen(More)
SCOPE Of the three human apolipoprotein E (APOE) alleles, the ε3 allele is most common, which may be a result of adaptive evolution. In this study, we investigated whether the APOE genotype affects body weight and energy metabolism through regulation of fatty acid utilization. METHODS AND RESULTS Targeted replacement mice expressing the human APOE3 were(More)
Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease, associated with significant comorbidity, for example, metabolic syndrome (MetS) and coronary heart disease (CHD). This association implies that the risk to develop these diseases is commonly controlled or that the presence of one disease favours manifestation of the other. Therefore, we assessed the(More)
Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is an autoimmune blistering disease of the skin and mucous membranes, characterized by autoantibodies against type VII collagen (COL7), a major component of anchoring fibrils. Different clinical EBA phenotypes are described, including mechanobullous and inflammatory variants. Most EBA patients' sera react with epitopes(More)
The autosomal dominant Hailey Hailey disease (HHD) is caused by mutations in the ATP2C1 gene encoding for human secretory pathway Ca2+/Mn2+ ATPase protein (hSPCA1) in the Golgi apparatus. Clinically, HHD presents with erosions and hyperkeratosis predominantly in the intertrigines. Here we report an exome next generation sequencing (NGS) based analysis of(More)
UNLABELLED Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are known to play important functional roles in the cell. However, their identification and recognition in genomic sequences remains challenging. In silico methods, such as classification tools, offer a fast and reliable way for such screening and multiple classifiers have already been developed to predict well-defined(More)
Recruitment of neutrophils and eosinophils into the skin is a hallmark of pemphigoid diseases. The molecular cues regulating granulocyte recruitment into the skin and the individual contributions of neutrophils and eosinophils to pemphigoid diseases are, however, poorly understood. The lipid mediator leukotriene B4 (LTB4) is a potent granulocyte(More)