Yashomati M. Patel

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Chronic exposures to inorganic arsenic (iAs) have been associated with increased incidence of noninsulin (type-2)-dependent diabetes mellitus. Although mechanisms by which iAs induces diabetes have not been identified, the clinical symptoms of the disease indicate that iAs or its metabolites interfere with insulin-stimulated signal transduction pathway or(More)
The tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein inhibits 3T3-L1 adipogenesis when present during the first 72 h of differentiation. In this report, we investigated the underlying mechanisms involved in the anti-adipogenic effects of genistein. We found that genistein blocked the DNA binding and transcriptional activity of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta(More)
Previous studies have shown that flavonoids inhibit glucose uptake in cultured cells. In this report, we show that the grapefruit flavanone naringenin inhibited insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 adipocytes in a dose-dependent manner. Naringenin acts by inhibiting the activity of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), a key regulator of insulin-induced(More)
The tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein inhibits 3T3-L1 adipogenesis when present during the first 72 h of differentiation. In this report, we investigated the underlying mechanisms involved in the anti-adipogenic effects of genistein. We found that genistein blocked the DNA binding and transcriptional activity of CCAAT}enhancer-binding protein β (C}EBPβ)(More)
In 3T3-L1 adipocytes, insulin activates three major signaling cascades, the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway, the Cbl pathway, and the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. Although PI3K and Cbl mediate insulin-stimulated glucose uptake by promoting the translocation of the insulin-responsive glucose transporter (GLUT4) to the plasma(More)
Calpains are a family of non-lysosomal cysteine proteases. Recent studies have identified a member of the calpain family of proteases, calpain 10, as a putative diabetes-susceptibility gene that may be involved in the development of type 2 diabetes. Inhibition of calpain activity has been shown to reduce insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in isolated(More)
Insulin-stimulated glucose uptake requires the activation of several signaling pathways to mediate the translocation and fusion of GLUT4 vesicles from an intracellular pool to the plasma membrane. The studies presented here show that inhibition of myosin II activity impairs GLUT4-mediated glucose uptake but not GLUT4 translocation to the plasma membrane. We(More)
Insulin-stimulated glucose uptake requires the activation of several signaling pathways to mediate the translocation and fusion of GLUT4 vesicles to the plasma membrane. Our previous studies demonstrated that GLUT4-mediated glucose uptake is a myosin II-dependent process in adipocytes. The experiments described in this report are the first to show a dual(More)
Cole, Kathryn A., Anne W. Harmon, Joyce B. Harp, and Yashomati M. Patel. Rb regulates C/EBP -DNA-binding activity during 3T3-L1 adipogenesis. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 286: C349–C354, 2004. First published October 22, 2003; 10.1152/ajpcell.00255.2003.—Two pathways are initiated upon 3T3-L1 preadipocyte differentiation: the reentry of cells into the cell(More)
Because of recent studies showing linkage of type 2 diabetes with the calpain 10 gene, we investigated the ability of calpains to regulate GLUT4 expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Treatment of 3T3-L1 adipocytes with the calpain inhibitor ALLN significantly decreased the mRNA and protein expression of GLUT4. GLUT4 expression was not affected by treatment with(More)