Learn More
Mangiferin, a natural polyphenol is known to exhibit anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antiviral effects. However the molecular mechanism underlying these effects has not been well characterized. Because NF-kappaB plays an important role in these processes, it is possible that mangiferin modulates NF-kappaB activation. Our results show that mangiferin(More)
Ceramide (N-acetyl-D-sphingosine), a second messenger for cell signaling induces transcription factors, like nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B), and activator protein-1 (AP-1) and is involved in inflammation and apoptosis. Agents that can suppress these transcription factors may be able to block tumorigenesis and inflammation. Oleandrin(More)
Chemotherapeutic agent is characterized by its concentration in tumor cells with minimum side effects. Oleandrin, a polyphenolic cardiac glycoside is known to induce apoptosis in tumor cells. However, no report is available on its efficacy in primary cells. In this report we are providing the evidence that oleandrin induces apoptosis, not necrosis in tumor(More)
Common practice to evaluate the efficacy of any compound as drug is done in cell-based in vitro system followed by in vivo murine model prior to clinical trial in human. Cardiac glycosides are very effective to kill human cells, but not murine cells. In this report, we describe the comparative molecular mechanism of oleandrin, a cardiac glycoside action in(More)
Decrease in caspase activity is a common phenomenon in drug resistance. For effective therapeutic intervention, detection of such agents, which affects other pathway independent of caspases to promote cell death, might be important. Oleandrin, a polyphenolic glycoside induced cell death through activation of caspases in a variety of human tumour cells. In(More)
Monocytes/macrophages are the first cells involved in inflammation. alpha-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) is known to possess an anti-inflammatory role induced by a variety of stimuli; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects are not clearly defined. In this report we provide evidence that alpha-MSH inhibited serum-activated(More)
Considering the role of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in a large number of acute and chronic inflammatory diseases, the regulation of IL-8-mediated biological responses is important. Alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH), a tridecapeptide, inhibits most forms of inflammation by an unknown mechanism. In the present study, we have found that alpha-MSH(More)
Considering the potential role of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in inflammation, angiogenesis, tumorogenesis, and metastasis, and the involvement of different cell types especially neutrophils and macrophages in those processes, the regulation of IL-8-mediated biological responses is important. In this report we provide evidences that oleandrin, a cardiac glycoside(More)
Mast cells play a major role in the initiation of inflammation and allergic reactions. As cell numbers are tightly controlled by the interplay of factors affecting cell proliferation, development, and death the regulation of mast cell number may be important. Melanocyte-stimulating hormone inhibits most forms of inflammation by an unknown mechanism. In the(More)
Nuclear transcription factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) has been shown both to block apoptosis and to promote cell proliferation, and hence has been considered an important target for anticancer drug development. The pyrimidine analogue cytosine arabinoside (araC) is among the most effective agents used in the treatment of acute leukemia, and we demonstrate in(More)