Yasheng Chen

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The human brain is organized into a collection of interacting networks with specialized functions to support various cognitive functions. Recent research has reached a consensus that the brain manifests small-world topology, which implicates both global and local efficiency at minimal wiring costs, and also modular organization, which indicates functional(More)
HIV associated dementia (HAD) is the most advanced stage of central nervous system disease caused by HIV infection. Previous studies have demonstrated that patients with HAD exhibit greater cerebral and basal ganglia atrophy than non-demented HIV+ (HND) patients. However, the extent to which white matter is affected in HAD patients compared to HND patients(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is unique in its ability to noninvasively and selectively alter tissue magnetization, and create tag planes intersecting image slices. The resulting grid of signal voids allows for tracking deformations of tissues in otherwise homogeneous-signal myocardial regions. Here, the authors propose a specific spatial modulation of(More)
Although it is inarguable that conventional MRI (cMRI) has greatly contributed to the diagnosis and assessment of multiple sclerosis (MS), cMRI does not show close correlation with clinical findings or pathologic features, and is unable to predict prognosis or stratify disease severity. To this end, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) with tractography and(More)
Magnetic resonance (MR) tagging is a technique for measuring heart deformations through creation of a stripe grid pattern on cardiac images. In this paper, we present a maximum a posteriori (MAP) framework for detecting tag lines using a Markov random field (MRF) defined on the lattice generated by three-dimensional (3-D) and four-dimensional (4-D) (3-D+t)(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is unique in its ability to noninvasively and selectively alter tissue magnetization and create tagged patterns within a deforming body such as the heart muscle. The resulting patterns define a time-varying curvilinear coordinate system on the tissue, which the authors track with coupled B-snake grids. B-spline bases provide(More)
Cardiac motion estimation is very important in understanding cardiac dynamics and in noninvasive diagnosis of heart disease. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging tagging is a technique for measuring heart deformations. In cardiac tagged MR images, a set of dark lines are noninvasively encoded within myocardial tissue providing the means for measurement of(More)
The aim of this paper is to develop an intrinsic regression model for the analysis of positive-definite matrices as responses in a Riemannian manifold and their association with a set of covariates, such as age and gender, in a Euclidean space. The primary motivation and application of the proposed methodology is in medical imaging. Because the set of(More)
The temperature of foods and fluids is a major factor that determines their pleasantness and acceptability. Studies of nonhuman primates have shown that many neurons in cortical taste areas receive and process not only chemosensory inputs, but oral thermosensory (temperature) inputs as well. We investigated whether changes in oral temperature activate these(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is associated with central nervous system (CNS) changes that may affect cerebral blood flow (CBF), metabolism, structure, and diffusion. Each of the available neuroimaging techniques offers unique insight into the neural mechanisms underlying HIV, as well as a potential means of monitoring disease progression and treatment(More)