Learn More
Graves' disease (GD) develops as a result of an interaction between susceptibility genes and environmental factors. We have previously mapped a susceptibility locus for GD on chromosome 20q11 (GD-2), which has recently been independently replicated. Among the genes mapped to 20q11 was the CD40 gene, an important costimulatory molecule and a good positional(More)
  • Yaron Tomer
  • Thyroid : official journal of the American…
  • 2010
BACKGROUND Autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD), including Graves' disease and Hashimoto's thyroiditis, arise due to complex interactions between environmental and genetic factors. There are sound data coming from epidemiological, family, and twin studies demonstrating a strong genetic influence on the development of AITD. In this review we summarize the new(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether the insulin receptor (INSR) gene contributes to genetic susceptibility to the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). DESIGN Case-control study. SETTING Academic endocrinology clinic. PATIENT(S) Ninety-nine women with PCOS as defined by the National Institutes of Health consensus and polycystic ovaries on ultrasonography, and(More)
The autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs), comprising Graves disease (GD) and Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT), develop as a result of a complex interaction between predisposing genes and environmental triggers. Previously, we identified six loci that showed evidence for linkage with AITD in a data set of 56 multiplex families. The goals of the present study were(More)
Autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs), including Graves' disease (GD) and Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) are prevalent autoimmune diseases, affecting up to 5% of the general population. Autoimmune thyroid diseases arise due to complex interactions between environmental and genetic factors. Significant progress has been made in our understanding of the genetic(More)
One of the hallmarks of the human autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs) is the production of high titers of autoantibodies against thyroglobulin and thyroid peroxidase that often precedes the development of clinical disease. A high percentage of family members of patients with AITDs have significant titers of thyroid antibodies (TAbs), suggesting a genetic(More)
The autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD) are complex diseases that are caused by an interaction between susceptibility genes and environmental triggers. Genetic susceptibility, in combination with external factors (e.g., dietary iodine), is believed to initiate the autoimmune response to thyroid antigens. Abundant epidemiological data, including family and(More)
We analyzed the mechanism by which a Graves' disease-associated C/T polymorphism in the Kozak sequence of CD40 affects CD40 expression. CD40 expression levels on B cells in individuals with CT and TT genotypes were decreased by 13.3 and 39.4%, respectively, compared with the levels in CC genotypes (P = 0.012). Similarly, Rat-2 fibroblasts transfected with(More)
Graves' disease (GD) is associated with HLA-DR3 (DRB1*03) in Caucasians, but the exact amino-acid sequence in the DR beta1 chain conferring susceptibility to GD is unknown. Therefore, the aim of our study was to identify the critical sequence among the HLA-DRB1 amino-acid residues occupying the peptide-binding pocket, which conferred susceptibility to GD.(More)
Graves' disease (GD) is an autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) characterized by hyperthyroidism and by the occurrence of a distinctive ophthalmopathy (orbitopathy), which presents with varying degrees of severity. Graves' disease clusters in families but the importance of heredity in the pathogenesis of the associated ophthalmopathy is unclear. We have(More)