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Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is caused by the constitutively activated tyrosine kinase breakpoint cluster (BCR)-ABL. Current frontline therapy for CML is imatinib, an inhibitor of BCR-ABL. Although imatinib has a high rate of clinical success in early phase CML, treatment resistance is problematic, particularly in later stages of the disease, and is(More)
The inhibition of DPP-IV by saxagliptin has been proposed to occur through formation of a covalent but reversible complex. To evaluate further the mechanism of inhibition, we determined the X-ray crystal structure of the DPP-IV:saxagliptin complex. This structure reveals covalent attachment between S630 and the inhibitor nitrile carbon (C-O distance <1.3(More)
Atazanavir, which is marketed as REYATAZ, is the first human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) protease inhibitor approved for once-daily administration. As previously reported, atazanavir offers improved inhibitory profiles against several common variants of HIV-1 protease over those of the other peptidomimetic inhibitors currently on the market. This(More)
Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) regulate a wide range of important biological activities, including cell proliferation, differentiation, migration, and apoptosis. Abnormalities in RTKs are involved in numerous diseases, including cancer and other proliferative disorders. AXL belongs to the TAM (Tyso3, AXL, and Mer) family of RTKs. The AXL signaling pathway(More)
Continued structure-activity relationship (SAR) exploration within our previously disclosed azolopyrimidine containing dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) inhibitors led us to focus on an imidazolopyrimidine series in particular. Further study revealed that by replacing the aryl substitution on the imidazole ring with a more polar carboxylic ester or amide, these(More)
Tau-tubulin kinase 1 (TTBK1) is a dual-specificity (serine/threonine and tyrosine) kinase belonging to the casein kinase 1 superfamily. TTBK1 is a neuron-specific kinase that regulates tau phosphorylation. Hyperphosphorylation of tau is implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Two kinase-domain constructs of TTBK1 were expressed in a(More)
An improved expression protocol is proposed for amino acid type-specific [13C], [15N]-isotope labeling of proteins in baculovirus-infected (BV) insect cell cultures. This new protocol modifies the methods published by Gossert et al. (J Biomol NMR 51(4):449-456, 2011) and provides efficient incorporation of isotopically labeled amino acids, with similar(More)
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